辞書

類語

英和・和英

absolute

参照:研究社

(比較なし)
1 (比較・相対を離れて)絶対の,絶対的な (⇔relative,→comparative).
2 【限定用法の形容詞】
 a 完全な,まったくの; 純粋の.
 b 無条件の,制約のない.
 c 疑問の余地のない,明白な,確かな.
3 専制の,独裁の.
4 【文法】 独立の,遊離した; 単独の.

1 [the absolute] 絶対的なもの; 【哲学】 絶対.
2 [the A] 絶対者,神.
absoluteness 【名詞】

ラテン語「完全に解き放たれた」の意 (AB‐+solvere 「解く」)

音節ab・so・lute~・ness発音記号・読み方ǽbsəlùːt, ‐̀‐‐́
完全な;絶対の
形容詞(比較変化なし)
1((限定))完全な,まったくの

 I have absolute trust in you.
君のことは完全に信用してます
 absolute nonsense
まったくばかげたこと

2((限定))絶対の,絶対的な(←→relative);(政治などが)専制的な,独裁的な

 absolute power
絶対権力
 an absolute monarch
専制君主
 the absolute standard
絶対的基準

3確かな,確固とした,疑いの余地のない

 The detective found absolute proof of the man's guilt.
刑事はその男が有罪だという確たる証拠を握った

4無条件の

 make an absolute promise
無条件の約束をする

5≪文法≫(用法などが)独立の
6混じり気のない,純粋な

 absolute alcohol
無水アルコール

1絶対的なもの[原則]
2((the Absolute))絶対者,神

【形容詞】
1
[限定] 完全な, 決定的な;疑う余地のない, 絶対の;まじりけのない;[強調] まったくの, 純粋の
2
無制限の, 無条件の, 絶対的な;専制[圧制]の, 独断的な
3
〔言語〕a独立の, 遊離する, 絶対のb〈他動詞が〉独立の《直接目的語を取らない動詞についていう》c〈形容詞が〉独立の《名詞として用いられる形容詞をいう》
4
〔物理〕[名詞の後に置いて]〈圧力・温度などが〉絶対の
5
〔数学〕絶対値の, 無条件の
6
〔法律〕a絶対の, 最終的な, 無条件のb〈不動産権などが〉全面的な, 完全な
7
[通例 A〜]〔哲学〕絶対の, 何ものにも依存しない
【名詞】
1
絶対的なもの[規則, 原理]
2
[the A〜]〔哲学〕絶対者;実体, 神
用例He must earn an absolute fortune.
印欧語根
leu-解くこと・弛めること、分割すること・切り分けることを表す印欧語根。
接尾辞-lessの由来として、虚偽の・不足した。
他の重要な派生語は、loose, resolve, solveなど。

語幹
solute(solve)緩めること、解き放つことを表すラテン語solvere、印欧語根leu-から。

接頭辞
ab-(a-)…から離れて。
分離、離脱を表す。
印欧語根apo-から。

途中遷移語
solvereラテン語ゆるめる、結合する


absolute

参照:日外アソシエーツ

【形容詞】
絶対の; アブソリュート
装置に付けられた番号など物理的なものの形容.論理的なものと対比される.
用例
the value can be absolute or relative
値は絶対でも相対でもよい
an absolute or relocatable expression
絶対式または再配置可能式
Using the values given, the absolute location of the first instruction is as follows
与えられた各値を使った場合の,最初の命令(語)の絶対(記憶)位置は次の通りである
参照
 actual(実際の)
 physical(物理的;物理の)
 relative(相対的)
 logical(論理的;ロジカル)

absolute

参照:日本河川協会

絶対

absolute

参照:科学技術振興機構

アブソリュート; 絶対者

略語: ABS
日本語: 実際の、絶対の

絶対、無水

**** 共起表現
絶対的な, 絶対の, 無条件の, (化学)
無水の
関連語
absolutely, anhydrous, categorically, obligate, unconditional, unconditioned

absolute

参照:情報通信研究機構

【形容詞】
1
完璧であるか完全であるか純粋である
(perfect or complete or pure)
absolute loyalty 絶対忠誠心
absolute silence 完全な沈黙
absolute truth 絶対の真理
absolute alcohol 無水アルコール
2
冒涜されるか、侵害されることができない
(not capable of being violated or infringed)
3
完成した、あるいは規制または資格取得なしで
(complete and without restriction or qualification)
absolute freedom 無限の自由
an absolute dimwit 絶対ばか
4
法律によって制限されない
(not limited by law)
an absolute monarch 専制君主
5
可能な変更の含みなしで最終的な状態を表すさま
(expressing finality with no implication of possible change)
an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority 国の権威を尊重する絶対的保証
【名詞】
1
発想される、または独立して存在し、他のものに関していない何か
(something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things)
no mortal being can influence the absolute 死ぬべき生き物が絶対者を影響を及ぼすことはできない
「absolute」に関する類語一覧

absolute

参照:日中韓辭典研究所

アブソリュート,絶対的な,無条件の,無条件,絶対の,絶対,無水,絶対的の,絶対的,無水の

absolute

参照:クロスランゲージ

無条件の; 絶対; 無水; 無比の; 絶対的の; 絶対の; 単純な; 無制約の

absolute

参照:Weblio

訳語 あぶそりゅーと;絶対的なもの;疑う余地のない

absolute

参照:日外アソシエーツ

無限;無条件;絶対;専制
絶対;上帝

absolute

参照:Weblio

アブソリュート
カテゴリ 技術用語
Weblio専門用語対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

absolute

参照:Weblio

アブソリュート, 絶対, ずぶの, 純然, 無水, 絶対的
絶対の[的な], 専制的な, 純然たる
アブソリュート (香料)
アブソリュート(英語:Absolute)とは、室温で植物の香りを溶媒に移し抽出(溶媒抽出法、または昔ながらのアンフルラージュ法)した香料で、高温の水蒸気蒸留で抽出する精油と区別される。

Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

absolute

参照:Wiktionary

別の表記

 abs.

語源

First attested around 1380. From Middle English absolut, from Middle French absolut, from Latin absolūtus (“unconditional; unfettered; completed”), perfect passive participle of absolvō (“loosen, set free, complete”), from ab (“away”) + solvo (“to loose”).[1] Influenced in part by Old French absolu.[2] Compare absolve.

発音

 (英国発音) IPA(key): /ˈæb.səˌluːt/, (古風な用法) /ˈæb.səˌljuːt/
 (米国発音) IPA(key): /ˈæb.səˌlut/, /ˌæb.səˈlut/
 

形容詞

absolute (comparative more absolute または absoluter, superlative most absolute または absolutest)
 Free of restrictions, limitations, qualifications or conditions; unconditional. [first attested in the late 1400s][2]
 1658, Samuel Hoard, God[']s Love to Mankind, Manifested, by disprooving his absolute decree for their damnation
 2005, Names, volume 53, page 238:

While Americans enjoy an almost absolute freedom to name their children whatever they please, in Germany the State (as public guardian of the good of the child) restricts parents [...]

 Unrestricted by laws, a constitution, or parliamentary or judicial or other checks; (legally) unlimited in power, especially if despotic. [first attested in the late 1400s]
 1846, George Gillespie, The Presbyterian's Armoury:

An absolute monarch is free from all forcible restraint, and so far as he is absolute[,] from all legal restraints of positive laws.

 Characteristic of an absolutist ruler: domineering, peremptory. [first attested in the mid 1500s]
 1856, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh:

The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, / With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed.

 1962, Hannah Arendt, On Revolution, (1990), page 155:

[…] the more absolute the ruler, the more absolute the revolution will be which replaces him.

 Free from imperfection, perfect, complete; especially, perfectly embodying a quality in its essential characteristics or to its highest degree. [first attested around 1400]

absolute purity, absolute liberty

 (Can we date this quote?) John Milton:

So absolute she seems, / And in herself complete.

 1599, William Shakespeare, Henry V:

Indeed, my lord, it is a most absolute and excellent horse.

 Pure, free from mixture or adulteration; unmixed. [first attested in the mid 1500s]

absolute alcohol

 Complete, utter, outright; unmitigated, not qualified or diminished in any way. [first attested in the late 1500s]

When caught, he told an absolute lie.   an absolute denial of all charges

 2008, Household Economy Approach (→ISBN), page 3:

The growth and acceptance of this idea followed Amartya Sen's theory of exchange entitlements, which suggested that famines occur not from an absolute lack of food but from people's inability to obtain access to that food.

 Positive, certain; unquestionable. [first attested in the early 1600s]
 1862, The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter, volume 6, page 365:

Yet if the register is not to be absolute evidence of proprietorship, it is clear that some investigation of title would still be necessary.

 1913, International Record of Medicine and General Practice Clinics:

[...] and in the absence of other signs, or when these latter are inconclusive, it is extremely useful. But it is not, under any circumstances, absolute evidence of the syphilitic nature of a given symptom or set of symptoms.

 (archaic) Certain; free from doubt or uncertainty (e.g. a person, opinion または prediction). [first attested in the early 1600s]
 1611, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act 4, Scene 2:

I am absolute ’t was very Cloten.

 1856, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh:

The colour of my hair—he cannot tell, / Or answers "dark," at random,—while, be sure, / He's absolute on the figure, live or ten, / Of my last subscription.

 (especially philosophy) Fundamental, ultimate, intrinsic; not relative; independent of references or relations to other things or standards. [first attested in the late 1700s]

the doctrine that absolute knowledge of things is possible, an absolute principle

Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations.

 (physics) Independent of arbitrary units of measurement, standards, or properties; not comparative or relative.

absolute velocity, absolute motion, absolute position

 Having reference to or derived in the simplest manner from the fundamental units of mass, time, and length.
 Relating to the absolute temperature scale (based on absolute zero); kelvin.
 1903, Ice and Refrigeration, volume 24, page 49:

His experiments led him to infer that the boiling point of the substance is probably below 9 degrees absolute.

 2015, Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett, Physics for Scientists and Engineers (→ISBN):

This new absolute temperature scale (also called the Kelvin scale) employs the SI unit of absolute temperature, the kelvin, [...]

 (grammar) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence; not in a syntactical relation with other parts of a text, or qualifying the text as a whole rather than any single word in it, like "it being over" in "it being over, she left". [first attested around 1350 to 1470]
 (of a case form) Syntactically connected to the rest of the sentence in an atypical manner, or not relating to or depending on it, like in the nominative absolute or genitive absolute, accusative absolute or ablative absolute. [first attested around 1350 to 1470]
 (of an adjective または possessive pronoun) Lacking a modified substantive, like "hungry" in "feed the hungry". [first attested around 1350 to 1470]
 (of a comparative or 最上級) Expressing a relative term without a definite comparison, like "older" in "an older person should be treated with respect". [first attested around 1350 to 1470]
 (of an adjective form) Positive; not graded (not comparative or superlative).
 1991, English Grammar, 3rd Edition:

Even when the absolute form of an adverb ends in -ly, the comparative and superlative are identical with the corresponding forms of the adjective: badly, worse, worst.

 (of a usually-transitive verb) Having no direct object, like "kill" in "if looks could kill". [first attested around 1350 to 1470]
 (Ireland, Wales) Being or pertaining to an inflected verb that is not preceded by any number of articles or compounded with a preverb.
 (mathematics) As measured using an absolute value.

absolute deviation

absolute square

mean absolute difference

 (mathematics) Indicating an expression that is true for all real numbers, or of all values of the variable; unconditional.
 (education) Pertaining to a grading system based on the knowledge of the individual and not on the comparative knowledge of the group of students.
 (art, music, dance) Independent of (references to) other arts; expressing things (beauty, ideas, etc) only in one art.

absolute music

 (obsolete) Absolved; free. [attested from the mid 1300s until the mid 1600s]

同意語

 (free of restrictions, limitations, qualifications または conditions): categorical, unconditional, unlimited, unrestricted
 (unlimited in power): autocratic, despotic
 (independent of references または relations to other things または standards): independent

反意語

 (free of restrictions, limitations, qualifications または conditions): conditional, limited
 (independent of references または relations to other things または standards): relative, dependent

派生語

Terms derived from "absolute"
 ablative absolute
 absolute address
 absolute curvature
 absolute equation
 absolute magnitude
 absolute majority
 absolute monarchy
 absolute music
 absolute pitch
 absolute space
 absolute term
 absolute temperature
 absolute value
 absolute zero

関連する語

 absolution
 absoluteness
 absolutize
 absolutization

名詞

absolute (複数形 absolutes)
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 That which is independent of context-dependent interpretation, inviolate, fundamental. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][2]

moral absolutes

 Anything that is absolute. [First attested in the mid 19th century.][2]
 (geometry) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
 (philosophy, usually capitalized) A realm which exists without reference to anything else; that which can be imagined purely by itself; absolute ego.
 1983, Lawrence Durrell, Sebastian, Faber & Faber 2004 (Avignon Quintet), page 1039:

Withdrawn as a Buddha he sat, watching the alien world from his perch in the absolute.

 (philosophy, usually capitalized) The unity of spirit and nature; God.
 (philosophy, usually capitalized) The whole of reality; the totality to which everything is reduced.
 Concentrated natural flower oil, used for perfumes.

使用する際の注意点

 (not dependent on anything else): Usually preceded by the word the.
 (all, philosophy): Usually preceded by the word the

参照

  ^ “absolute” in William Morris, editor, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, New York, N.Y.: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1971 [1969], OCLC 299754516, page 5.
 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], →ISBN), page 9

Further reading

  Absolute on Wikipedia.
 
Absolute in the 1921 edition of Collier's Encyclopedia.
 absolute in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

アナグラム

 bales out

Latin

語源

From absolūtus (“complete, finished”).

副詞

absolūtē (comparative absolūtius, superlative absolūtissimē)
 absolutely, completely, fully

関連する語

 absolūtus

参照

 absolute in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
 absolute in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
 absolute in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
 absolute in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
 Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
 to go a long way back (in narrative): longe, alte (longius, altius) repetere (either absolute または ab aliqua re)