①(人が)立つ, 立ち上がる(◇upを伴うことが多い);(比喩的に)<...に>出馬する<for>(←選挙のために立ち上がる) ･
She stood (up) and welcomed me with a kiss.
The students stood to attention as the guest professor entered the classroom.
Marray stood for election for mayor.
The crowd just stood there not knowing what to do until the police arrived.
She stood beside her mother at the funeral.
Fans stood in line for hours waiting to buy tickets.
She stood on her head for twenty minutes while practicing yoga.
③a(物が)立つ, 立っている ･
The statue stood on a flat stone.
③b(建物などが)(...に)立っている, 位置している ･
Only the dome of City Hall was left standing after the earthquake.
The young prince stood 130 centimeters tall.
Richard stands six feet tall.
The dollar now stands at 130 yen.
The NSADAQ now stands at a record high.
Don't worry about what people think. Stand tall and proud.
The athelete stood up proudly as his name was called at the awards ceremony.
How do things stand at your office?
The employees stood united in their demand for higher pay.
He stood accused of robbery.
I was wrong to say that she only things about shopping. I stand corrected.
⑦a 止まったままでいる ･
The truck was standing idle.
I have a taxi standing in front of the house.
⑧立っている, 耐える ･
This temple has stood for 300 years.
The church still stood after a big earthquake.
That broom has been standing where you left it since last week.
Tears stood in her eyes.
My offer still stands.
Let that word stand.
Time stands still in this area and things seem as they were thousand years ago.
The ship was standing northward.
The ship stood out to sea.
She stood the mop against the door.
They stood the clay doll up on the shelf.
②...に対してもちこたえる;(試練など)に立ち向かう;((stand trialで))裁判を受ける ･
Frank Lloyd Wright's buildings have stood the test of time.
His alibi won't stand close examination.
She stood trial for a murder.
③(いやなこと)を我慢する,...に耐える(◇「立たせた状態にしておく」の意でput up with...の感覚に近い) ･
I can't stand listening to heavy metal music.
I can't stand my neighbors arguing loudly late at night.
The band's demo tape could stand another hearing.
She won the lottery and stood me my dinner.
He stood against her going to study abroad.
stand around [about]...
They just stood around the mall all day and do nothing.
Please stand aside to let us pass.
stand between A and B
①((stand byで))近くに立っている ･
He just stood by and watched as the bank robbery was taking place.
②((stand byで))待機する,スタンバイする ･
Stand by for instructions.
③((stand by...で))...のそばにいる,...に味方する,...を支える ･
I'll have nothing to fear if you just stand by me.
④((stand by...で))(約束など)をきっちり守る ･
Now the President must stand by his promise to raise the minimum wage.
The Opposition Party insisted that the Prime Minister stand down from office immediately.
The bomber crew stood down after the attack was cancelled.
FBI stands for Federal Bureau of Investigation. FBI
はFederal Burea of Investigation[連邦調査局]を表す(略語だ)
I don't stand for the company.
The U.S. stood for the U.K. and France.
She won't stand for her husband returning home after 9 p.m.
stand in for...
He stood in for me while I was visiting Spain.
①((stand offで))近寄らない∥((stand ･
He is so tall he stands out in a crowd.
He stood out a mile above the other candidates.
The peninsula stands out from the continent.
I stand out against child abuse.
①((stand over...で))(近くにいて)...を見張る,監督する ･
The teacher stood over him as he struggled with the test.
②((stand over))持ち越す ･
Let this agenda item stand over until the next meeting.
①((stand toで))((英))〔軍〕待機する ･
The soldiers were given the order to stand to.
①((stand upで))起立する∥((stand upで))起立させる ･
Stand up, everybody.
②((stand upで))<使用・吟味などに>耐える,持ちこたえる <to>;(法廷などで)通用する ･
My car stood up well to the heat of the desert.
His alibi will never stand up to close scrutiny.
③((stand upで))(デートで)すっぽかす,(約束の時間を守らず)(人)を待たせる ･
She stood me up last night and left me waiting for hours before I went home.
stand up against...
stand up for...
. ...のために立ち上がる;...を弁護する ･
Stand up for your rights!
I don't understand why you stand up for a girl like that.
stand up to...
The protesters stood up to the armed police.
as it stands
as things[matters, affairs] stand
As things stand now, you must pass every class before you can graduate.
現状のままだと卒業には全部の授業にパ合格しなければいけないよ How do things stand with [between]...?
from where I stand
From where I stand, it looks as if the country's economy will boom next year.
know where[how] one stands with a person
I don't know where I stand with my girlfriend anymore.
(make ... ) stand on end
⇒end成句 ...を逆立たせる ･
The story made my hair stand on end.
Stand (and deliver)!
stand a chance
⇒chance成句 見込みがある ･
I'd stand a better chance of passing the exam if you'd help me study.
This old peach tree stands little chance of bearing any more fruit.
stand a person in good stead
⇒stead成句 大いに役立つ ･
His ability to eat anything stood him in good stead when he went to Thailand.
⇒clear成句 道をあける ･
Stand clear and let the ambulance through!
stand guard over...
⇒guard成句 ...の番をする,護衛をする ･
The dragon stood guard over its treasure hoard.
stand on ceremony ⇒ceremony 成句
Don't stand on cremony. This is just a casual party.
stand on its head
stand on one's own (two) feet [legs]
⇒feet成句 独り立ちする,自活する ･
American teenagers are proud to be able to stand on their own two feet.
stand one's ground
⇒ground成句 自分の立場を守る ･
He stood his ground and insisted on talking to his lawyer.
stand or fall
伸るか反るかは<...に>かかってい る<on, by> ･
I will stand or fall on the results of the test.
⇒pat成句 ((米口語))<(決意・方針など)を>>固く守る<on> ･
I'm standing pat on my refusal to work overtime.
stand to do
...しそうである,...しそうな状態にあ る ･
The family stands to lose their house if they don't pay last year's taxes.
stand to reason [sense] (that)
⇒reason成句 ...というのは理の当然である,もっともである ･
It stands to reason that she opposed the idea of men's predominance over women.
stand up and be counted
You shouldn't keep your opinion to yourself. You should stand up and be counted like the rest of us.
stand well with...
where a person stands
You don't seem to know where you stand.
Where do you stand on genetically modified crops?
From Middle English standen
, from 古期英語 standan
(“to stand, occupy a place, be valid, stand good, be, exist, take place, consist, be fixed, remain undisturbed, stand still, cease to move, remain without motion, stop, maintain one’s position, not yield to pressure, reside, abide, continue, remain, not to fall, be upheld”), from Proto-Germanic *standaną
(“to stand”), from Pre-Germanic *sth₂-n-t-´
, an innovative extended n
-infixed form of Proto-Indo-European *steh₂-
Cognate with Scots stand
(“to stand”), Saterland Frisian stounde
(“to stand”), West Frisian stean
(“to stand”), dialectal German standen
(“to stand”), Danish stande
(“to stand”), Swedish stånda
(“to stand”), Norwegian standa
(“to stand”), Faroese standa
(“to stand”), Icelandic standa
(“to stand”), Gothic
(standan), Russian стоя́ть
(stojátʹ, “to stand”). Also from *steh₂-
: Irish seas
, Latin stare
, Lithuanian stóti
, Old Church Slavonic стояти
(stojati), Albanian shtoj
(“to increase”), Ancient Greek ἵστημι
(hístēmi, “to put”), Avestan
ti), Sanskrit तिष्ठति
(tiṣṭhati). From the related Proto-Germanic *stāną
(“to stand”): West Frisian stean
, Dutch staan
, German stehen
, Danish stå
: /stænd/ ･
(/æ/ tensing) IPA(key)
: [steənd] ･ ･
(third-person singular simple present stands
, present participle standing
, simple past stood
, past participle stood or
(廃れた用法) standen or
of a girl standing. ･
(heading) To position or be positioned physically. ･
(intransitive, copulative) To support oneself on the feet in an erect position.Here I stand, wondering what to do next. ･1898
, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity
Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. She stood
for a moment holding her skirt above the grimy steps, […], and the light of the reflector fell full upon her. ･1961
February, R. K. Evans, “The role of research on British Railways”, in Trains Illustrated
, page 93:
At one time a "standard test" for carriage riding was to stand a pencil on end on the compartment floor, or to measure how long it was possible to stand
on one leg without touching the corridor walls; [...]. ･
(intransitive) To rise to one’s feet; to stand up.Stand up, walk to the refrigerator, and get your own snack. ･
(intransitive, copulative) To remain motionless.Do not leave your car standing in the road. ･1611
, King James Version of the Bible
, Matthew 2:9,
The star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood
over where the young child was. ･1918
, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, in The Mirror and the Lamp
The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand
leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking. ･1914
, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter III, in Nobody
, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384
Turning back, then, toward the basement staircase, she began to grope her way through blinding darkness, but had taken only a few uncertain steps when, of a sudden, she stopped short and for a little stood
like a stricken thing, quite motionless save that she quaked to her very marrow in the grasp of a great and enervating fear. ･
(intransitive) To be placed in an upright or vertical orientation. ･1879
, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher
, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., […], OCLC 752825175
They burned the old gun that used to stand
in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. ･1945
August 17, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 1, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story
, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473
He seized the gun which always stood
in a corner of his bedroom […]. ･
(transitive) To place in an upright or standing position.He stood the broom in a corner and took a break. ･1961
February, R. K. Evans, “The role of research on British Railways”, in Trains Illustrated
, page 93:
At one time a "standard test" for carriage riding was to stand
a pencil on end on the compartment floor, or to measure how long it was possible to stand on one leg without touching the corridor walls; [...]. ･
(intransitive) To occupy or hold a place; to be set, placed, fixed, located, or situated.Paris stands on the Seine. ･1774
, Edward Long, The History of Jamaica. Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island
, volume 2, book 2, chapter 7, 6
The chapel ſtands
on the South ſide of the ſquare, near the governor’s houſe. ･2017
October 2, "Las Vegas shooting: At least 58 dead at Mandalay Bay Hotel
", in bbc.com, BBC:
Las Vegas police say the number of people injured now stands
at 515. ･
(intransitive) To measure when erect on the feet. ･1855
, Alfred Tennyson, Maud
, XIII, 1. in Maud, and Other Poems
, London: Edward Moxon, p. 44,
His face, as I grant, in spite of spite, / Has a broad-blown comeliness, red and white, / And six feet two, as I think, he stands
(intransitive) (of tears
) To be present, to have welled up (in the eyes). ･
, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 3
, Act V, Scene 6,
many an orphan’s water-standing
, Francis Bacon, A True and Historical Relation of the Poysoning of Sir Thomas Overbury
, London: John Benson & John Playford, “Sir Jervas
his Confession,” p. 71,
now my heart beginneth to melt within me being wounded (with that the tears stood
in his eyes) to see the faces of some here present, whom J most earnestly love, and now must depart from with shame […] ･1722
, Daniel Defoe, Moll Flanders
, London: W. Chetwood & T. Edling, p. 222,
[he] pull’d me up again, and then giving me two or three Kisses again, thank’d me for my kind yielding to him; and was so overcome with the Satisfaction and Joy of it, that I saw Tears stand
in his Eyes. ･1844
, Charles Dickens, Martin Chuzzlewit
, London: Chapman & Hall, Chapter 32, p. 380,
He takes me half-price to the play, to an extent which I sometimes fear is beyond his means; and I see the tears a standing
in his eyes during the whole performance […] ･
(heading) To position or be positioned mentally. ･
(intransitive, followed by to
+ infinitive) To be positioned to gain or lose.He stands to get a good price for the house. ･
(transitive, negative) To tolerate.I can’t stand when people don’t read the instructions.I can’t stand him. ･1913
, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 7, in Mr. Pratt's Patients
“[…] if you call my duds a ‘livery’ again there'll be trouble. It's bad enough to go around togged out like a life saver on a drill day, but I can stand
that 'cause I'm paid for it. What I won't stand
is to have them togs called a livery. […].” ･
(intransitive, copulative) To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe. ･February 2, 1712
, Joseph Addison, The Spectator
readers by whose judgment I would stand
or fall ･
(intransitive, copulative) To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition. ･1611
, The Holy Bible, […]
(King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981
, Esther 8:11
The king granted the Jews […] to gather themselves together, and to stand
for their life. ･July 29, 1660
, Robert South, sermon preached at St. Mary's Church in Oxon
pattern of their imitation ･
(intransitive, copulative, obsolete) To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist. ･1611
, The Holy Bible, […]
(King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981
, Hebrews 9:10
sacrifices […] which stood
only in meats and drinks ･1697
, “(please specify the book number)”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […]
, London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 403869432
Accomplish what your signs foreshow; / I stand
resigned, and am prepared to go. ･1826
, [Walter Scott], Woodstock; Or, The Cavalier. […]
, volume (please specify |volume=I, II, または III), Edinburgh: […] [James Ballantyne and Co.] for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, OCLC 991895633
Thou seest how it stands
with me […] , and that I may not tarry. ･
(heading) To position or be positioned socially. ･
(intransitive, cricket) To act as an umpire. ･
(transitive) To undergo; withstand; hold up.The works of Shakespeare have stood the test of time. ･1700
, [John] Dryden, “Theodore and Honoria, from Boccace”, in Fables Ancient and Modern; […]
, London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 228732415
the siege. ･1713
, Joseph Addison, Cato
, published 1712, [Act 2, scene 1]:
Bid him disband his legions, […] / And stand
the judgment of a Roman senate. ･1735
, [Alexander] Pope, An Epistle from Mr. Pope, to Dr. Arbuthnot
, London; Dublin: Re-printed by George Faulkner, bookseller, […], OCLC 6363280
the furious foe. ･
(intransitive, Britain) To seek election.He is standing for election to the local council. ･1678
, Izaak Walton, The Life of Robert Sanderson
to be elected one of the proctors of the university. ･
(intransitive) To be valid.What I said yesterday still stands. ･
(transitive) To oppose, usually as a team, in competition. ･1957
, Matt Christopher, Basketball Sparkplug
"Kim, Jack, and I will stand
you guys," Jimmie Burdette said. ¶ "We'll smear you!" laughed Ron. ･c. 1973
, R. J. Childerhose, Hockey Fever in Goganne Falls
The game stopped while sides were sorted out. Andy did the sorting. "Okay," he said. "Jimmy is coming out. He and Gaston and Ike and me will stand
you guys." ･1978
, Louis Sachar, Sideways Stories from Wayside School
"Hey, Louis," Dameon shouted. "Do you want to play kickball?" ¶ ""All right," said Louis. "Ron and I will both play." […] ¶ "Ron and I will stand
everybody!" Louis announced. ･
(transitive) To cover the expense of; to pay for.to stand a treat
(Can we find かつ add a quotation of Thackeray to this entry?) ･
(intransitive) To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation.Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts. ･
(intransitive) To be consistent; to agree; to accord. ･c. 1619
, Philip Massinger and Nathan Field, The Fatal Dowry
Doubt me not; by heaven, I will do nothing / But what may stand
with honour. ･
(intransitive) To appear in court.
(Can we find かつ add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?) ･
(intransitive, nautical) Of a ship or its captain, to steer, sail (in a specified direction, for a specified destination etc.). ･1630
, John Smith, True Travels
, in Kupperman 1988, p.40:
To repaire his defects, hee stood
for the coast of Calabria, but hearing there was six or seven Galleyes at Mesina hee departed thence for Malta […]. ･
(intransitive, copulative) To remain without ruin or injury. ･1692
, John Dryden, Cleomenes, the Spartan Hero, a Tragedy
My mind on its own centre stands
, Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage. Canto the Third
, London: Printed for John Murray, […], OCLC 1015450009
, canto III, stanza XXXII:
The ruin'd wall / Stands when its wind-worn battlements are gone. ･
(card games) To stop asking for more cards; to keep one's hand as it has been dealt so far.
conjugation of stand
|present||I stand||we stand||I am standing||we are standing||I have stood||we have stood||I have been standing||we have been standing|
|you stand||you stand||you are standing||you are standing||you have stood||you have stood||you have been standing||you have been standing|
|he stands||they stand||he is standing||they are standing||he has stood||they have stood||he has been standing||they have been standing|
|past||I stood||we stood||I was standing||we were standing||I had stood||we had stood||I had been standing||we had been standing|
|you stood||you stood||you were standing||you were standing||you had stood||you had stood||you had been standing||you had been standing|
|he stood||they stood||he was standing||they were standing||he had stood||they had stood||he had been standing||they had been standing|
|future||I will stand||we will stand||I will be standing||we will be standing||I will have stood||we will have stood||I will have been standing||we will have been standing|
|you will stand||you will stand||you will be standing||you will be standing||you will have stood||you will have stood||you will have been standing||you will have been standing|
|he will stand||they will stand||he will be standing||they will be standing||he will have stood||they will have stood||he will have been standing||they will have been standing|
|conditional||I would stand||we would stand||I would be standing||we would be standing||I would have stood||we would have stood||I would have been standing||we would have been standing|
|you would stand||you would stand||you would be standing||you would be standing||you would have stood||you would have stood||you would have been standing||you would have been standing|
|he would stand||they would stand||he would be standing||they would be standing||he would have stood||they would have stood||he would have been standing||they would have been standing|
In older works, standen
is found as a past participle of this verb; it is now archaic. The forms stooden
may also be found in dialectal speech; these are nonstandard. ･
(tolerate): This is almost always found in a negative form such as can’t stand
, or No-one can stand…
In this sense it is a catenative verb that takes the gerund -ing
or infinitive to...
. See Appendix:English catenative verbs.
a leg to stand on ･
behind every successful man there stands a woman ･
stand alone, stand-alone ･
stand and be counted ･
stand and deliver ･
stand aside ･
stand back ･
stand by ･
stand corrected ･
stand down ･
stand easy ･
stand firm ･
stand for ･
stand from under ･
stand guard ･
stand in for ･
stand in someone's shoes ･
stand off, stand-off ･
stand on ･
stand on ceremony ･
stand on end ･
stand one's ground ･
stand on one's own two feet ･
stand out ･
stand over ･
stand pat ･
stand still ･
stand tall ･
stand to reason ･
stand treat ･
stand trial ･
stand up, stand-up, standup ･
stand watch ･
The act of standing. ･October 2, 1712
, Joseph Addison, The Spectator
I took my stand
upon an eminence […] to look into their several ladings. ･
A defensive position or effort.The Commander says we will make our stand here. ･
A resolute, unwavering position; firm opinion; action for a purpose in the face of opposition.They took a firm stand against copyright infringement. ･
A period of performance in a given location or venue.They have a four-game stand at home against the Yankees. They spent the summer touring giving 4 one-night stands a week. ･
A device to hold something upright or aloft.He set the music upon the stand and began to play. an umbrella stand; a hat-stand ･1913
, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter II, in The Lodger
, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546
; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened
, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., […], , OCLC 2666860
, page 0091
There was a neat hat-and-umbrella stand
, and the stranger's weary feet fell soft on a good, serviceable dark-red drugget, which matched in colour the flock-paper on the walls. ･
The platform on which a witness testifies in court; the witness stand or witness box.She took the stand and quietly answered questions. ･
A particular grove or other group of trees or shrubs.This stand of pines is older than the one next to it. ･
(forestry) A contiguous group of trees sufficiently uniform in age-class distribution, composition, and structure, and growing on a site of sufficiently uniform quality, to be a distinguishable unit. ･
A standstill, a motionless state, as of someone confused, or a hunting dog who has found game. ･1625
, Francis Bacon, “Of Truth”, Essays
One of the later school of the Grecians, examineth the matter, and is at a stand
, to think what should be in it, that men should love lies; where neither they make for pleasure, as with poets, nor for advantage, as with the merchant; but for the lie’s sake. ･1819
, Lord Byron, Don Juan
Antonia's patience now was at a stand
"Come, come, 't is no time now for fooling there,"
She whispered […] ･
A small building, booth, or stage, as in a bandstand or hamburger stand. ･
A designated spot where someone or something may stand or wait.a taxi stand ･
(US, dated) The situation of a shop, store, hotel, etc.a good, bad, or convenient stand for business ･
(sports) Grandstand. (often in the 複数形) ･2011
November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland
”, in RTE Sport
The end of the opening period was relatively quite [sic] as Vassiljev's desperate shot from well outside the penalty area flew into the stand
housing the Irish supporters and then Ward's ctoss [sic] was gathered by goalkeeper Pareiko. ･
(cricket) A partnership. ･2012
May 21, Tom Fordyce, “England v West Indies: Hosts cruise home in Lord's Test
”, in BBC Sport
England wrapped up a five-wicket victory in the first Test as a stand
of 132 between Alastair Cook and Ian Bell saw off an early West Indies charge. ･
(military, 複数形 often stand
) A single set, as
of arms. ･1927
, Herbert Asbury, The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld
, Paragon House (1990), →ISBN, p.170:
The police and troops captured eleven thousand stand
of arms, including muskets and pistols, together with several thousand bludgeons and other weapons. ･
(obsolete) Rank; post; station; standing. ･1595
, Samuel Daniel, “(please specify the folio number)”, in The First Fowre Bookes of the Ciuile Wars between the Two Houses of Lancaster and Yorke
, London: […] P[eter] Short for Simon Waterson, OCLC 28470143
Father, since your fortune did attain
So high a stand
, I mean not to descend. ･
(dated) A state of perplexity or embarrassment.to be at a stand what to do ･
A young tree, usually reserved when other trees are cut; also, a tree growing or standing upon its own root, in distinction from one produced from a scion set in a stock, either of the same or another kind of tree. ･
(obsolete) A weight of from two hundred and fifty to three hundred pounds, used in weighing pitch. ･
A location or position where one may stand. ･c. 1604 Measure for Measure
by William Shakespeare
Come, I have found you out a stand
most fit, / Where you may have such vantage on the duke, / He shall not pass you.Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of
Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for stand in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)
Terms derived from stand
at a stand ･
axle stand ･
bicycle stand ･
blow this pop stand ･
bus stand ･
clamp stand ･
coat stand ･
concessions stand ･
cruet stand ･
deer stand ･
dish stand ･
home stand ･
hunting stand ･
jack stand ･
lemonade stand ･
music stand ･
one-night stand ･
retort stand ･
ring stand ･
Sheffield stand ･
stable stand ･
take a firm stand ･
take a stand ･
take the stand ･
taxi stand ･
track stand ･
tree stand ･
umbrella stand ･
→ Catalan: estand ･
→ Italian: stand ･
→ Portuguese: estande ･
→ Spanish: estand
Dants, Sandt, dasn't, tdnas
From Proto-Germanic *standaz
名詞stand m ･
語形変化 of stand