辞書

類語

英和・和英

become

参照:研究社


1 〈ものが〉〈人に〉似合う 《★受身なし》.
2 [しばしば否定文で] 〈人・身分・境遇などに〉ふさわしい,適する 《★受身なし》.

他動詞としての「become」のイディオムやフレーズ

becóme of…

[古期英語「到着する; 生ずる」から (BE‐+cuman ‘come')]

音節be・come発音記号・読み方bɪkʌ́m変化be・comes{~z};過去be・came{bɪkéɪm};過分be・come; be・com・ing
コア(少し時間をかけて変化して)ある状態になるなる▷自動詞
似合う▷他動詞
動詞
自動詞((名詞・形容詞・過去分詞を伴って))…になる

 She became the first female astronaut in her country.
彼女は国内初の女性宇宙飛行士になった
 She became tall.
彼女は背が高くなった
 She became interested in politics.
彼女は政治に興味を持ち始めた
 Math is becoming more and more difficult, so I think I need extra help.
数学がますます難しくなってるからもっと手助けがいるよ
 What do you want to become when you get older?
大きくなったら何になりたいの?(未来のことを言うときにはbecomeでなくbeを用いるのが普通)
 The pool is becoming crowded, let's go home.
プールが混んできた.家に帰ろう
 Japan has become very westernized in a short time.
日本は短期間に非常に西洋化した

他動詞((かたい))(服などが)…に似合う;((今はまれ))(行動などが)…にふさわしい,適した(受け身にはできない)

 That dark blue suit really becomes you.
その濃紺のスーツは本当にお似合いですよ(ぴったりです)
 His attitude did not become a knight.
彼の態度は騎士らしからぬものだった

成句What [Whatever] becomes of ...
…はどうなる

 “What has become of him lately?"“He is always sleepy and angry."
「最近彼はどうしてるの」「いつも眠そうで怒っているよ」
 I wonder what has become of our old gym teacher.
私たちの昔の体育の先生はどうなったのかしら
 Whatever will become of you, if you don't start looking for a job?
君はいったいどうなるんだろうね.仕事を探し始めないなら


ネットワークbecomeとgetとcome to
becomeが「ゆっくりと変化し,ある状態になる」という意味合いが強いのに対して,getは「(ある状態)を得る」ということから「(すぐ)ある状態になる」という意味合いでも使える.そこでShe got hurt.(彼女はケガをした),He got killed.(彼は殺された)はbecomeで置き換えることはできない.「…するようになる」はbecomeではなく,come to doと言う.そこで「どういうわけかイアンが好きになってきた」はSomehow I've come to like Ian.となる


【動詞】
〜にふさわしい, 適する, 似合う
用例It was becoming more and more difficult to live on his salary.
印欧語根
gwā-行くことや来ることを表す印欧語根。
g^wem-とも表記。
1.語幹ventを持つ語(event, preventなど)、become, come, convenient, welcomeなどの由来として、来ること。
2.baseなどの由来として、行くこと、歩くこと。

接尾辞
-ome『植物』「群、塊、茎」などの意の名詞を造る


***** 共起表現
((自動詞))(過去became-過去分詞become)…に
なる
関連語
come, get, go, turn

become

参照:情報通信研究機構

【動詞】
1
特定の状態または状態になる、あるいはとみなす
(enter or assume a certain state or condition)
2
存在に至る
(come into existence)
What becomes has duration 何事も生まれ出るまでには一定期間が必要である
3
変化または発展受け入れる
(undergo a change or development)
4
外見を良くする
(enhance the appearance of)
Mourning becomes Electra 悲しみがエレクトラになる
「become」に関する類語一覧

become

参照:情報通信研究機構

ばる;成す;燃え上る;立至る;立ち至る;なる;立ちいたる;成る;附く;相成る;燃上がる;立つ;燃上る;燃え上がる;だつ;相なる;付く;づく

become

参照:Weblio

品詞 動詞
訳語 につく
訳語 成;にあう

become

参照:日外アソシエーツ

合う;帰する;相当;成る;映る;似合う;相応;成り澄ます

become

参照:Weblio

来る, 來る, となる, 染みる, 為す, 成す, 相成る, 成る, 為る, 赴く, 趣く, 趨く, 付く, 成り変わる, 似合う, 似あう
〈似合う〉・相応する, …にふさわしい, 〈ふさわしい〉・相当する
Becomeとは、ショッピング情報に特化された検索エンジンの名称である。
一つになる
自分の物になる

Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

become

参照:Wiktionary

語源

From Middle English becomen, bicumen, from 古期英語 becuman (“to come, approach, arrive, enter, meet with, fall in with; happen, befall; befit”), from Proto-Germanic *bikwemaną (“to come around, come about, come across, come by”), equivalent to be- (“about, around”) +‎ come. Cognate with Scots becum (“to come, arrive, reach a destination”), North Frisian bekommen, bykommen (“to come by, obtain, receive”), West Frisian bikomme (“to come by, obtain, receive”), Dutch bekomen (“to come by, obtain, receive”), German bekommen (“to get, receive, obtain”), Swedish bekomma (“to receive, concern”), Gothic �������������� (biqiman, “to come upon one, befall”). Sense of "befit, suit" due to influence from Middle English cweme, icweme, see queem.

発音

 (英国発音) IPA(key): /bɪˈkʌm/, /bəˈkʌm/

(Northern England) IPA(key): /bɪˈkʊm/, /bəˈkʊm/

 (米国発音) IPA(key): /bəˈkʌm/, /biˈkʌm/
 韻: -ʌm
 ハイフネーション: be‧come

動詞

become (third-person singular simple present becomes, present participle becoming, simple past became or (一般的ではない用法) becomed, past participle become or (まれに, dialectal) becomen)
 (intransitive, obsolete) To arrive, come (to a place). [9th-18thc.]
 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter ii, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVIII:

& thenne the noble knyghte sire Launcelot departed with ryghte heuy chere sodenly / that none erthely creature wyste of hym / nor where he was become / but sir Bors

 (Can we date this quote?) William Shakespeare

But, madam, where is Warwick then become?

 (copulative) To come about; happen; come into being; arise. [from 12thc.]

What became of him after he was let go?


It hath becomen so that many a man had to sterve.


 (copulative) begin to be; turn into. [from 12thc.]

Synonyms: get, turn, go

She became a doctor when she was 25.


The weather will become cold after the sun goes down.


 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:

The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.

 2012 May 13, Alistair Magowan, “Sunderland 0-1 Man Utd”, in BBC Sport:

Then, as the Sunderland fans' cheers bellowed around the stadium, United's title bid was over when it became apparent City had pinched a last-gasp winner to seal their first title in 44 years.

 2013 May-June, William E. Conner, “An Acoustic Arms Race”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 3, page 206-7:

Earless ghost swift moths become “invisible” to echolocating bats by forming mating clusters close (less than half a meter) above vegetation and effectively blending into the clutter of echoes that the bat receives from the leaves and stems around them.

 (transitive) To be proper for; to beseem. [from 13thc.]
 1610-11?, Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, scene ii:

Ay, lord, she will become thy bed, I warrant,

And bring thee forth brave brood.

 1892, Ambrose Bierce, “The Applicant,” in The Collected Works of Ambrose Bierce, Volume II: In the Midst of Life (Tales of Soldiers かつ Civilians), New York: Gordian Press, 1966,[1]

He was hatted, booted, overcoated, and umbrellaed, as became a person who was about to expose himself to the night and the storm on an errand of charity […]

 1930, Duff Cooper, Talleyrand, Folio Society, 2010, p.7:

His ordination […] enabled him to be independent of his parents, and to afford a manner of living which became his rank rather than his calling.

 (transitive) Of an adornment, piece of clothing etc.: to look attractive on (someone). [from 14thc.]

That dress really becomes you.


同意語

 (to be suitable for): befit, suit

参照

 become in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
 become in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
 The Dictionary of the Scots Language