辞書

類語

英和・和英

with

参照:研究社

A
1
 a [同伴・同居を表わして] …とともに,…と一緒に; …を連れて.
 b [提携・勤務を表わして] …の一員として,…に勤務して.
 c [包含を表わして] …をあわせて,…を含んで.
2
 a [接触・交際・結合などを表わして] …と.
 b [混合・混同を表わして] …と.
3
 a [一致・調和を表わして] …と.
 b [同調・賛成を表わして] …に賛成して,…に.
 c [be の補語となる句を導き,通例否定・疑問文で] 〈相手〉の話[議論]についていって,…の話が理解できて.
4 [比較・同等の対象を導いて] …と.
5 [同時・同程度・同方向などを表わして] …とともに,…と同時に; …につれて.
B
1
 a [感情・態度の対象を導いて] …に対して,…に.
 b [処置・関係の対象を導いて] …に対して,…について.
 c [方向の副詞に伴い,動詞なしで目的語とともに命令文的に用いて] …を[は].
2 [関係・立場を表わして] …について[の]; …にとっては,…の場合は.
3 [敵対を表わして] …を相手に,…と (cf. against 1).
4 [分離を表わして] …と(離れて), …から (cf. from 6).
C
1 [道具・手段を表わして] …を用いて,…で.
2 [材料・中身を表わして] …で.
3 [原因を表わして] …のせいで,…のゆえに,…のために.
4
 a [所持・所有を表わして] …を持って[た], …のある; …を受けている.
 b [付帯を表わして] 〈人〉の身につけて,…の手元にあって (cf. about 【前置詞】 3,→on 【前置詞】 2).
5 [様態の副詞句を導いて] …を示して,…して 《★【変換】 ‐ly の形に書き換え可能のものがある》.
6
 a [委託を表わして] 〈人〉の手にゆだねられて,…に; 〈もの〉を(ゆだねて).
 b [選択を表わして] 〈人〉にかかって.
7 [付帯状況を表わす句を導いて] …して,…したまま,…しながら 《★【用法】 「(代)名」の後に前置詞付きの句・副詞・形容詞・分詞などの補足的要素を従える》.
8
 a [しばしば with all で; 譲歩を表わして] …がありながら,…にもかかわらず.
 b [除外を表わして] …の点を除けば.

前置詞としての「with」のイディオムやフレーズ

whát with…and (whát with)…
wíth it 《口語》
with thát

[古期英語 ‘against' の意]
[連結形] 「後方へ」「離れて」「反対に」などの意.

音節with発音記号・読み方wɪ́ð, wɪ́θ
コア…とともにⅠ伴って
├〔同伴〕…といっしょに▷1a
├〔対応・連結などの相手〕…と▷2
├〔状態の帰属先〕…とともにある▷3a
├〔同調〕…と合って▷4
├〔状況〕…しながら▷5
├〔特性・包含・付属〕…をもった▷6
└〔関連〕…のことで▷7
Ⅱ手にして
├〔道具・手段〕…で(もって)▷9
├〔原因・理由〕…で(もって)▷10
├〔素材・材料・要素〕…を使って▷11
└〔様子・仕方〕…で(もって)▷12
Ⅰ伴って
1〔同伴〕a…といっしょに,…とともに

 She walks in the park with her dog every morning.
彼女は毎朝犬と公園を散歩する
 My grandmother rises with the sun.
祖母は日の出とともに起きる
 She came with good news.
彼女はよい知らせをもってやってきた
 I'm here with Dr. Johnson.
(対談の司会で)ジョンソン博士をお連れしました
 She always orders cake with her tea.
彼女はいつも紅茶といっしょにケーキを注文する

b((比ゆ))(人の話の内容)についていって,(人)に賛成して

 Your story is confusing. I don't think I'm with you.
君の話はこんがらがってきている.言っていることがよくわからない
 Are you with me or against me?
君はぼくに反対か賛成か(be with a personは「人といっしょにいる」という意から状況的に「賛成する」「理解している」の意になる)

2〔対応・連結などの相手〕…と;…に

 fight with the enemy
敵と戦う(このwithは「戦いの相手」を示す.「対抗」の意を強調するにはfight against the enemyという)
 deal with the big company
大企業と取り引きする
 I don't like to talk with him.
彼とは話したくない
 She is playing pretend with her friends.
彼女は友達とごっこ遊びをしている
 We met with a traffic accident.
私たちは交通事故にあった
 Oil doesn't mix with water.
油は水と混ざらない
 It would be great if you could combine his ideas with hers.
彼の考えと彼女の考えを組み合わせることができればすばらしいのに

3〔状態の帰属先〕a(あるもの・状態が)…とともにある

 I don't have any money with me.
お金を持ち合わせていません
 What's the matter with you?
どうかしたの?(←あなたとともにあるものは何ですか)
 Something is wrong with this computer.
このコンピュータはどこかおかしい
 It's OK with me.
それは私にはOKです(←It's OKの状態が私とともにある)

b…に対して

 Be patient with other people.
他人には辛抱強くあれ(←ほかの人といる時は辛抱強くあれ)
 You're really gentle with me recently.
最近私に優しいんだね

4〔同調〕…と合って,…に同調して;…に応じて

 A blue shirt goes with your pants.
青のシャツがあなたのズボンに合う
 Air pressure varies with height.
気圧は高度とともに変化する
 I don't like to go with the crowd.
私は人と群れるのは好きじゃない
 People tend to grow more patient with age.
人は年とともに辛抱強くなるもんだ

5〔状況〕…という状況で,…して,…しながら(←状況とともに…する);…なのだから(←状況がともにある);…という状況があれば

 You shouldn't talk with food in your mouth.
口に物を入れてしゃべってはいけない
 With your children away, you must have a lot of free time.
子どもが手を離れたのだから,自由な時間がたくさんあるでしょう
 With the sun shining bright, we should go for a swim.
すばらしく晴れているのだから,泳ぎに行こうよ

6〔特性・包含・付属〕…をもった,…のある;…をもって[身に付けて](←「…を伴った」という意)

 a boy with blonde hair
ブロンドの髪の毛の少年
 people with nice personalities
よい性格の人たち
 a car with four wheel drive
四輪駆動の車
 a 50‐meter pool with a shower
シャワーの付いた50メートルのプール
 a woman with a sense of humor
ユーモアのある女性

7〔関連〕…のことで,…について(←「…を伴った[伴って]」という意)

 He has a problem with money.
彼はお金のことで問題を抱えている(←お金を伴った問題)
 I'm pleased with the results of my experiment.
私は実験の結果について満足している
 I'm angry with the boss.
私は上司のことでは腹を立てている

8a((break, partなど分離を表す動詞と共に))…と(いっしょにいる状態を離れて),…と(離別して)

 The school decided to break with tradition and accepted the students' proposal.
学校は伝統を捨て学生たちの申し出を受け入れた(←伝統とともにある状態を絶つ)
 She parted with her house last year.
彼女は昨年家を手放した
 He threatened to finish with me.
彼は私とは手を切ると脅しをかけた

b((leave, stayなどの動詞と共に))…に任せて,…の元に(預けて)(←「…といっしょの状態を残して」)

 I'll leave the dog with a friend.
犬は友達のところに預けるよ(←犬が友達とともにいる状態にして去る)
 The kids are staying with their grandmother over this weekend.
子どもたちはこの週末はおばあちゃんのところにいることになっている

Ⅱ手にして
9〔道具・手段〕…で(もって)

 kill two birds with one stone
((ことわざ))1つの石で2羽の鳥を殺す;一石二鳥
 He tried to open the door with a hairpin.
彼はヘアピンでドアを開けようとした
 He followed the movement with his eyes.
彼は目で動きを追った
 Please do not fill in the form with a pencil.
鉛筆でその書類に記入しないでください(in pencilともいうが,inの場合は文字の素材としての鉛筆(鉛筆文字)の意が強くなる)

10〔原因・理由〕…で(もって),…のために

 She was shivering with cold.
彼女は寒さで震えていた
 I spent a whole day in bed with backache.
腰痛でまる一日を寝て過ごした

11〔素材・材料・要素〕…を使って,…で(もって)

 the mountain covered with snow
雪で覆われた山
 I made this stew with a variety of vegetables.
いろいろな野菜を使ってこのシチューを作った
 Fill it up with hot water.
それにお湯を満たしなさい
 The train was crammed with passengers.
その電車は乗客ですし詰めだった

12〔様子・仕方〕…で(もって)

 She fought the system with great courage.
彼女は体制に果敢に挑んだ(←果敢なる態度でもって)
 Handle this machine with great care.
細心の注意でこの機械を扱いなさい
 I agreed, but with reluctance.
私は同意はしたがそれは仕方なしにだった
 I'll accept your offer with pleasure.
私はあなたの申し出を喜んでお受けいたします

成句be with it
((俗))時代の最先端をいっている
成句get with it
((口))①時代遅れにならないようにする②(仕事などに)本気で取り組む
成句what with |A| and (what with )|B|
⇒what副詞成句
成句with all ...
…があるのにもかかわらず

 With all her talents, she never seems to be self‐satisfied.
才能があるのに彼女は自分ではぜんぜん満足していないようだ


【前置詞】
〜と一体になって, 〜と一緒に, 〜と共に, 〜を相手にして
用例She lives with her parents.
印欧語根
wi-「離れて」「半分に」「2つに」の意を表す。
wideの由来として、「遠く離れた」ことから、広い。


fly遺伝子名with
同義語(エイリアス)with trident
SWISS-PROTのID---
EntrezGeneのIDEntrezGene:249888
その他のDBのIDFlyBase:FBgn0004015

本文中に表示されているデータベースの説明

SWISS-PROT

スイスバイオインフォマティクス研究所と欧州バイオインフォマティクス研究所によって開発・運営されているタンパク質のアミノ酸配列のデータベース。

EntrezGene

NCBIによって運営されている遺伝子データベース。
染色体上の位置、配列、発現、構造、機能、ホモロジーデータなどが含まれている。

FlyBase

米英の大学のショウジョウバエの研究者などにより運営される、ショウジョウバエの生態や遺伝子情報に関するデータベース。


with

参照:Weblio

訳語 ~と一緒に
訳語 付いて;以って;付
訳語 つけて;付けて;を伴う
訳語 ウィズ
訳語 付きの

with

参照:Weblio

w/ と略される。

with

参照:日外アソシエーツ

随って、従って;対して;付いて;乍ら;以て;取って;一緒;にて;の;対;連れて;対する
共に;共;諸共;と;許に

with

参照:Weblio

~と
カテゴリ ビジネス用語
Weblio専門用語対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

with

参照:Weblio

〈一緒に〉・…と共に
…を連れて, …と連れ立って
…を添付して
ウィズ
に伴い, 以て, 以って, で, と, 下, 許, 共に, 倶に, に, に伴って, ぐるみ, を以て, を以って, 以ちまして
…を用いて, 〈…と共に〉・一緒に, …につれて

〈持ち合わせて〉・手もとに

Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

with

参照:Wiktionary

語源 1

From Middle English with, from 古期英語 wiþ (“against, opposite, toward”), a shortened form of wiþer, from Proto-Germanic *wiþr- (“against”), from Proto-Indo-European *wi-tero- (“more apart”); from Proto-Indo-European *wi (“separation”). Cognate with Old Frisian with (“against, again”), Old Saxon with (“against, again”), Dutch weder (“again”) and weer (“again, opposite”), Low German wedder (“again, against, opposite”), German wider (“against”) and wieder (“again”), Danish ved (“by, near, with”), Swedish vid (“by, next to, with”). In Middle English, the word shifted to denote association rather than opposition, displacing Middle English mid (“with”), from 古期英語 mid (“with”), from Proto-Germanic *midi, cognate with Old-Frisian mith (“with”), Modern Frisian mei (“with”), Old Norse með (“with”), Icelandic með (“with”), Dutch met (“with”) and German mit (“with”).

別の表記

 wyth (廃れた用法)
 (abbreviations): wth, wt (廃れた用法); w/, w
 (eye 方言): wi', wit, wit', wid, wif, wiv

発音



preconsonantal, final

 (General Australian, 米国用法) IPA(key): /wɪð/, /wɪθ/
 (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /wɘð/, /wɘθ/
 Rhymes: -ɪθ, -ɪð,
 (英国用法) IPA(key): /wɪð/
 (Yorkshire) IPA(key): /wɪi/
 Rhymes: -ɪð

prevocalic

 (General Australian, 英国用法, 米国用法) IPA(key): /wɪð/
 (米国用法, also) IPA(key): /wɪθ/
 Rhymes: -ɪð, -ɪθ

前置詞

with
 Against.
 1621, John Smith, The Proceedings of the English Colony in Virginia [1]

Many hatchets, knives, & pieces of iron, & brass, we see, which they reported to have from the Sasquesahanocks a mighty people, and mortal enemies with the Massawomecks.



He picked a fight with the class bully.


 In the company of; alongside, close to; near to.
 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:

No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or […] . And at last I began to realize in my harassed soul that all elusion was futile, and to take such holidays as I could get, when he was off with a girl, in a spirit of thankfulness.




He went with his friends.


 In addition to; as an accessory to.

She owns a motorcycle with a sidecar.


 Used to indicate simultaneous happening, or immediate succession or consequence.
 1590, Sir Philip Sidney, The Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia,

With that she told me that though she spake of her father, whom she named Chremes, she would hide no truth from me: ...

 1697, Virgil, John Dryden (translator), Aeneid, in The Works of Virgil,

With this he pointed to his face, and show'd

His hand and all his habit smear'd with blood.

 1861, Alexander Pope, The Rev. George Gilfillan (editor) The Fourth Pastoral, or Daphne, in The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope,

See where, on earth, the flowery glories lie,

With her they flourish'd, and with her they die.

 1994, Stephen Fry, The Hippopotamus Chapter 2

With a bolt of fright he remembered that there was no bathroom in the Hobhouse Room. He leapt along the corridor in a panic, stopping by the long-case clock at the end where he flattened himself against the wall.

 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 48:

The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you "stay up to date with what your friends are doing", […] and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.


 In support of.
 2013 June 29, “A punch in the gut”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 72-3:

Mostly, the microbiome is beneficial. It helps with digestion and enables people to extract a lot more calories from their food than would otherwise be possible. Research over the past few years, however, has implicated it in diseases from atherosclerosis to asthma to autism.




We are with you all the way.


 (obsolete) To denote the accomplishment of cause, means, instrument, etc; – sometimes equivalent to by.
 1300s?, Political, Religious and Love Poems, “An A B C Poem on the Passion of Christ”, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1866

Al þus with iewys I am dyth, I seme a wyrm to manus syth.

 c. 1386–1388, Geffray Chaucer [i.e., Geoffrey Chaucer], “The Legende of Good Women: The Prologue”, in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, […] (in Middle English), [London]: Printed by [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes […], published 1542, OCLC 932884868, folio ccxvii, verso, column 2:
Hypſiphile, betrayed with Jaſoun, / Maketh of your trouth neyther boſte ne ſoun
(please add an English translation of this quote)
 c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:



, V-ii

He was torn to / pieces with a bear:

 1669, Nathaniel Morton, New England’s Memorial

He was sick and lame of the scurvy, so as he could but lie in the cabin-door, and give direction, and, it should seem, was badly assisted either with mate or mariners

 1721, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry (page 61)

But several sowing of Wheat at that time, because 'twas the usual time of doing of it, it lay in the Ground till Rain came, which was the latter end of October first, and then but part of it came up neither, because it was mustied and spoiled with lying so long in the Ground […]



slain with robbers


 Using as an instrument; by means of.
 1430?, “The Love of Jesus” in Hymns to the Virgin and Christ, ed. Frederick James Furnivall, 1867, p.26

Þirle my soule with þi spere anoon,

 1619, Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher, A King and no King, Act IV

you have paid me equal, Heavens, / And sent my own rod to correct me with

 1620, William Bradford. Of Plymouth Plantation [2]

They had cut of his head upon the cudy of his boat had not the man reskued him with a sword,

 1677, 2013 July-August, Stephen P. Lownie, David M. Pelz, “Stents to Prevent Stroke”, in American Scientist:

As we age, the major arteries of our bodies frequently become thickened with plaque, a fatty material with an oatmeal-like consistency that builds up along the inner lining of blood vessels.




cut with a knife


 (obsolete) Using as nourishment; more recently replaced by on.
 c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “Measvre for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:



, IV-iii

I am fain to dine and sup with water and bran.

 Having, owning.
 2013 July-August, Stephen P. Lownie, David M. Pelz, “Stents to Prevent Stroke”, in American Scientist:

As we age, the major arteries of our bodies frequently become thickened with plaque, a fatty material with an oatmeal-like consistency that builds up along the inner lining of blood vessels.


引用
 For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:with.
派生語
 what with
 withness
 with it
同意語
 w/
 c̄ (medicine)
反意語
 without
 against

副詞

with (not comparable)
 (米国用法) Along, together with others, in a group, etc.

Do you want to come with?

 1979, Octavia E. Butler, “The Fall, 2”, in Kindred:

Sounds like something you could have stayed with and moved up.


名詞

with (複数形 withs)
 Alternative form of withe
 King James Bible

And Samson said unto her, If they bind me with seven green withs that were never dried, then shall I be weak, and be as another man.

アナグラム

 Whit, whit

語源

From Middle English with-, from 古期英語 wiþ- (“against, away”, prefix), from wiþ (“with, by, near, against, beside, at, through, for, in return, opposite, towards, to”, preposition). Cognate with Danish ved-, Swedish vid-, Faroese við-, Icelandic við-. Related also to English wither-, and Dutch weder- (“back”), German wider- (“against”), German wieder- (“again”). More at with.

接頭辞

with-
 接頭辞 meaning "against", "in opposition to".

withfight, withstand, withset, withsay, withspeak

 接頭辞 meaning "back", "back around", "in reverse", "in return".

withbuy, withcall, withdraw, withdrive, withgive, withhold, withturn

 接頭辞 meaning "off", "out", "away", "from".

withbear, withgive, withgo, withhang, withsave, withseek

 接頭辞 meaning "with", "along with", "together (with)".

withgang, withjoin, withtake

派生語

► English words prefixed with with-

アナグラム

 Whit, whit