辞書

類語

英和・和英

pretty

参照:研究社

(pret・ti・er; ‐ti・est)
1
 a 〈子供・女・小さなものなど〉かわいらしい,かれんな 《★美しいというより見たり聞いたりして魅力的なものにいう; 【類語】 ⇒beautiful》.
 b 〈場所・ものなど〉きれいな,こぎれいな.
2 見事な,うまい.
3 【限定用法の形容詞】 〈男の子が〉(女性っぽく)かわいい,にやけた.
4 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) 《反語》 とんでもない,ひどい.
5 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) 《口語》〈数量・範囲など〉かなり大きな.

形容詞としての「pretty」のイディオムやフレーズ

(as) prétty as a pícture

━/prṭi,pɚṭi|prti/

(比較なし) [形容詞・他の副詞を修飾して] かなり,相当; ずいぶん,非常に.

副詞としての「pretty」のイディオムやフレーズ

be sítting prétty
prètty múch
prètty wéll

【他動詞】
〔+目+up〕〈…を〉美しく[きれいに]する.
préttiness 【名詞】
[古期英語「ずるい」→「賢い」の意; 【動詞】 prettify]

音節pret・ty発音記号・読み方prɪ́ti変化-ti・er; -ti・est-ties{~z}; -tied{~d}; -ty・ing複-ties{~z}
コアかわいらしくて感じのよい愛らしさだけでなく,こざっぱりした感じを表す.プラスのイメージを持つprettyが数・量・質や程度に用いられると基準より多い方,大きい方,よい方に傾いた「かなりの」「かなり」という意味になる(人が)かわいらしい▷形容詞1
(物・場所が)きれいな,すてきな▷形容詞2
(声・見た目などが)快い▷形容詞3
(事が)すてきな;((反語的に))ひどい▷形容詞4
かなりの▷形容詞5
かなり▷副詞
形容詞1(女性・子どもが)かわいらしい,きれいな⇒beautiful【ネットワーク】

 a pretty girl
かわいらしい女の子
 You look much prettier with long hair.
あなたは長い髪のほうがずっとかわいい

2(物が)きれいな,かわいらしい;(場所・風景などが)すてきな,感じのいい

 a pretty little garden
小さくてきれいな庭
 She has pretty eyes.
彼女はきれいな目をしている
 a pretty village
(きれいで)すてきな村

3(声・歌・見た目などが)快い,感じのよい;(物語などが)おもしろい

 The girl has a pretty singing voice.
その少女はいい歌声をしている

4((限定))((やや古))(事が)すてきな,みごとな;((反語的に))ひどい(比較変化なし)

 You have made a pretty mess of it!
とんだへまをやったものだ

5((限定))((口))(数・量・質が)かなりの,相当な(比較変化なし)

 a pretty sum of money
かなりの額のお金
 They made a pretty fortune by selling their vast land.
彼らは広大な土地を売ることでかなりのお金を手にした

成句not a just pretty face
((口))(人が)見た目がきれいなだけではない(その他に長所・才能などを持っている)
成句not a pretty sight
(物・人が)見られたものではない,見るに耐えがたい

 The kitchen was not a pretty sight after the party.
パーティーのあと台所は見られたものではなかった

副詞((口))かなり,相当に,なかなか,ずいぶん;とても(形容詞・副詞を修飾する)⇒very

 Your work is pretty good.
君の仕事はかなりよくできている
 The museum was pretty crowded.
その美術館はかなり込んでいた
 That's a pretty good idea.
それはなかなかいい考えだ
 I worked pretty hard on it.
私はかなり一生懸命それに取り組んだ

成句be sitting pretty
((口))(人が)有利な立場にいる;裕福である
成句pretty much
((口))ほとんど

 I have pretty much the same view on that as he.
それに関して私は彼とほぼ同じ見解をもっています
 “How're you doing?"“Pretty much the same."
「元気かい」「相変わらずだよ」

成句pretty well
①かなりうまく[上手に]
②=pretty much
動詞他動詞((口))(家・部屋など)をきれいにする;(人)をきれいに飾る(通例upを伴う)

 Why don't you pretty the room up before you go out?
外出する前に部屋の掃除をしたら
 She prettied herself up before they came over.
彼らがやってくる前に彼女はきれいに着飾った

名詞((口))
1((one's ~))いとしい[かわいい]人,いい子(通例女性や子どもに対する呼びかけで用いる)
2((pretties))かわいいもの(装身具・女性の下着など)

語法
否定文・疑問文ではprettyは使わない.しかし,質問(疑問文)に対してyesを想定する否定疑問文では,Isn't he pretty smart?(彼ってかなり頭が切れるんじゃない)のようにprettyを使う


【形容詞】
1
((主に女性語))〈物・場所が〉きれいな;〈女性・子供が〉かわいらしい《◆beautiful にくらべ「愛らしさ」に重点がある》.
2
〈歌・声などが〉快い;〈物語などが〉面白い, 楽しい;すてきな, みごとな;見た目に楽しい, 耳に心地よい.
3
[限定]〈少年などが〉お上品な, きゃしゃな;きざな.
4
(φ比較)[限定]((略式))[皮肉的に] かなりの, 相当な.
5
(φ比較)[限定]a((やや古))けっこうな, みごとな(good).b[皮肉的に] ひどい.
6
((スコット古))勇敢な, 大胆な, 勇ましい.
7
上手な, 巧みな.
8
((古))=→elegant.
【副詞】
1
((略式))(φ比較)[形容詞・副詞の前で] かなり, 相当;たいへん, 非常に(very)《◆very, quite などと同じく通例あまり強い強勢は置かない》;[反語的に] まあまあ, まずまず.
2
((方言・略式))きれいに, 上品に(prettily).
【名詞】
1
[呼びかけ] かわいい人《◆子供や若い女性に用いる》.
2
きれいな物;[〜ies] きれいな服;ランジェリー.
【動詞】
((略式))〈部屋など〉をきれいにする, 飾りたてる, 小ぎれいに作る[見せる](up)
用例I'm pretty sure I'll be going.


pretty

参照:科学技術振興機構

プリティ

pretty

参照:情報通信研究機構

【副詞】
1
適度に十分な範囲、または程度
(to a moderately sufficient extent or degree)
pretty big かなり大きい
pretty bad かなり悪い
【形容詞】
1
繊細さまたは品のよさによって感じがよい
(pleasing by delicacy or grace)
pretty girl かわいらしい女の子
pretty song きれいな歌
pretty room 素敵な部屋
2
予想外に悪い
(unexpectedly bad)
a pretty mess ひどい混乱
a pretty kettle of fish 厄介な立場
「pretty」に関する類語一覧

pretty

参照:情報通信研究機構

愛い;雛

pretty

参照:クロスランゲージ

回復の指輪

pretty

参照:Weblio

訳語 プリティー
品詞 副詞;形容詞
訳語 綺麗に
訳語 pritty
訳語 綺麗な

pretty

参照:日外アソシエーツ

困った;中々;綺麗;しおらしい;随分;善い、好い、良い、宜い;愛らしい;可憐;愛嬌;可愛らしい;小;美しい
可なり

pretty

参照:Weblio

プリティ, ちょっと, 美しい, 愛しい, かわいい, 相当, 眩い, ちょい, いい加減, 好い加減, 好加減, 愛らしい, 割に, 割りに, 小奇麗, 小綺麗, 小ぎれい, 綺麗, 奇麗, 暉麗
相当に, 〈愛らしい〉・可憐な, 〈美しい〉・きれいな

Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

pretty

参照:Wiktionary

別の表記

 pooty, purdy (一般的ではない用法)
 pratty (dialectal)
 prettie, pretie (廃れた用法)

語源

From Middle English prety, preti, praty, prati, from 古期英語 prættiġ (“tricky, crafty, sly, cunning, wily, astute”), from Proto-Germanic *prattugaz (“boastful, sly, slick, deceitful, tricky, cunning”), corresponding to prat (“trick”) +‎ -y. Cognate with Dutch prettig (“nice, pleasant”), dialectal German (East Frisia) prettig (“funny”), German protzig (“showy, ostentatious, swanky, pretentious”), Icelandic prettugur (“deceitful, tricky”). For the sense-development, compare canny, clever, cute.

発音

 (英国発音, 米国発音) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɪti/
 (米国発音, dialectal) IPA(key): /ˈpɝti/
 (米国発音, まれに) IPA(key): /ˈpɹʊti/
 韻: -ɪti

形容詞

pretty (comparative prettier, superlative prettiest)
 Pleasant in sight or other senses; attractive, especially of women or children. [from 15th c.]
 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 17, in The China Governess[1]:

The face which emerged was not reassuring. […]. He was not a mongol but there was a deficiency of a sort there, and it was not made more pretty by a latter-day hair cut which involved eccentrically long elf-locks and oiled black curls.


 2010, Peter Bradshaw, The Guardian, 4 Feb 2010:

To escape a violent beating from sailors to whom he has sold a non-functioning car, Jerry takes his stepfamily for a holiday in a trailer park miles away, where, miraculously, young Nick meets a very pretty young woman called Sheeni, played by Portia Doubleday.

 Of objects or things: nice-looking, appealing. [from 15th c.]
 2010, Lia Leendertz, The Guardian, 13 Feb 2010:

'Petit Posy' brassicas […] are a cross between kale and brussels sprouts, and are really very pretty with a mild, sweet taste.

 (often derogatory) Fine-looking; only superficially attractive; initially appealing but having little substance; see petty. [from 15th c.]
 1962, "New Life for the Liberals", Time, 28 Sep 1962:

Damned by the Socialists as "traitors to the working class," its leaders were decried by Tories as "faceless peddlers of politics with a pretty little trinket for every taste."

 Cunning; clever, skilful. [from 9th c.]
 1877, George Hesekiel and Bayard Taylor, Bismarck his Authentic Biography, page 380:

In the end, however, it was a very pretty shot, right across the chasm; killed first fire, and the brute fell headlong into the brook […] .

 (dated) Moderately large; considerable. [from 15th c.]
 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy: […], 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, partition I, section 2, member 4, subsection vii:

they flung all the goods in the house out at the windows into the street, or into the sea, as they supposed; thus they continued mad a pretty season […].


 2004, "Because They're Worth it", Time, 26 Jan 04:

"What did you do to your hair?" The answer could be worth a pretty penny for L'Oreal.

 (dated) Excellent, commendable, pleasing; fitting or proper (of actions, thoughts etc.). [from 16th c.]
 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, Boston 1867, page 75:

Some people are surprised, I believe, that that the eldest was not [named after his father], but Isabella would have him named Henry, which I thought very pretty of her.

 1919, Saki, ‘The Oversight’, The Toys of Peace:

‘This new fashion of introducing the candidate's children into an election contest is a pretty one,’ said Mrs. Panstreppon; ‘it takes away something from the acerbity of party warfare, and it makes an interesting experience for the children to look back on in after years.’

 1926, Ernest Hemingway, The sun also rises, page 251:

"Oh, Jake." Brett said, "we could have had such a damned good time together." Ahead was a mounted policeman in khaki directing traffic. He raised his baton. The car slowed suddenly pressing Brett against me. "Yes", I said. "Isn't it pretty to think so?"

 (ironic) Awkward, unpleasant. [from 16th c.]
 1931, "Done to a Turn", Time, 26 Jan 1931:

His sadistic self-torturings finally landed him in a pretty mess: still completely married, practically sure he was in love with Tillie, he made dishonorable proposals of marriage to two other women.

 1877 "Black Beauty", Anna Sewell

A pretty thing it would be if a man of business had to examine every cab-horse before he hired it

 1995, Les Standiford, Deal to die for, page 123:

" […] you can still see where the kid's face is swollen up from this talk: couple of black eyes, lip all busted up, nose over sideways," Driscoll shook his head again, "just a real pretty picture."

反意語

 ugly

派生語

Terms derived from pretty (adjective)
 just another pretty face
 not a pretty sight
 not just a pretty face
 PDQ
 prettify
 prettiness
 pretty as a picture
 pretty boy
 pretty-faced wallaby
 Pretty Good Privacy
 pretty much
 pretty pass
 pretty penny
 pretty please
 Pretty Polly
 pretty-pretty
 pretty-spoken
 purdy
 sitting pretty

外部リンク

  Pretty in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

副詞

pretty (not comparable)
 Somewhat, fairly, quite; sometimes also (by meiosis) very.
 1723, Charles Walker, Memoirs of Sally Salisbury, V:

By the Sheets you have sent me to peruse, the Account you have given of her Birth and Parentage is pretty exact [...].

 1859, Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, I:

It seems pretty clear that organic beings must be exposed during several generations to the new conditions of life to cause any appreciable amount of variation [...].

 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 1, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:

I stumbled along through the young pines and huckleberry bushes. Pretty soon I struck into a sort of path that, I cal'lated, might lead to the road I was hunting for. It twisted and turned, and, the first thing I knew, made a sudden bend around a bunch of bayberry scrub and opened out into a big clear space like a lawn.


 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, page 539:

The Revolutionary decade was a pretty challenging time for business.

 (dialectal) Prettily, in a pretty manner.
 1861, George Eliot, Silas Marner, London: Penguin Books, published 1967, page 139:

'The boy sings pretty, don't he, Master Marner?'


使用する際の注意点

 When particularly stressed, the adverb pretty serves almost to diminish the adjective or adverb that it modifies, by emphasizing that there are greater levels of intensity.

派生語

 pretty much
 pretty well

名詞

pretty (複数形 pretties)
 A pretty person; a term of address to a pretty person.
 1939, Noel Langley, Florence Ryerson, and Edgar Allan Woolf, The Wizard of Oz

I'll get you, my pretty, and your little dog, too!

 Something that is pretty.

"We'll stop at the knife store a look at the sharp pretties.

動詞

pretty (三人称単数 現在形 pretties, 現在分詞 prettying, 過去形および過去分詞形 prettied)
 To make pretty; to beautify
 2007, Eric Knight, Lassie Come-Home[2], →ISBN, page 29:

He sat on the hearth rug and began prettying the dog's coat.


派生語

 pretty up

アナグラム

 Pettry