辞書

類語

英和・和英

before

参照:研究社

1 [時を表わして]
 a 以前に,かつて,すでに.
 b (決められた時よりも)早く,前に.
2 [位置を表わして] 前に,前方に; 前面に 《★ahead,in front のほうが普通》.
━/, /

1 [位置・場所などを表わして]
 a …の前に; …の面前[眼前]に 《★【用法】 behind の反対語; 通例「呼び出されて人の前に」の場合に用い,建物には in front of を用いる》.
 b …の前途に,…を待って.
 c 〈勢い〉に押されて,…の力で.
2 [時を表わして]
 a …よりも前に[先に,早く].
 b 《主に米国で用いられる》 (…分)前.
3 [順序・階級・優先・選択などを表わして]
 a …に先んじて.
 b [would とともに用いて] …よりはむしろ.

前置詞としての「before」のイディオムやフレーズ

befòre Chríst
befòre lóng

━/, /

1 …より前に,〈…する〉に先だって,…しないうちに.
2 [would [will] とともに用いて] 〈…する〉よりはむしろ (cf. 【前置詞】 3b).

古期英語から (BE‐+foran ‘before,fore')

音節be・fore発音記号・読み方bɪfɔ́ːr
コア…より前に主に時間を表す.位置を表す場合は比ゆ的な意味になることが多い〔時間〕…の前に▷前置詞1
〔順序〕…より前に;…に優先して▷前置詞2
〔位置〕…の前に▷前置詞3
以前に▷副詞1
…するよりも前に▷接続詞
前置詞1〔時間〕…の前に,…より前に

 the day before yesterday
一昨日
 the month before last
先先月
 the August before last
一昨年の8月に
 I'll be back before seven.
7時前には帰ってくる
 The accident happened the week before last.
その事故は先先週に起こった
 It's a quarter before eight.
8時15分前だ(a quarter to eight, a quarter of eight((米)),a quarter till eightともいう)
 I will complete this work before the end of January.
1月末までにはこの仕事を完成させる予定だ
 I always go back home about a week before Christmas.
クリスマスのだいたい1週間前にはいつも帰郷する
 Before getting down to the main topic, I would like to add a word.
本題に入る前に,一言いっておきたい

2〔順序〕…より前に,…より先に;…に優先して

 He puts his wife before everyone else.
彼は他のだれよりも妻を愛している
 Hey, I'm before you in line.
(列に並んでいて)おい,私が君より先だ

3〔位置〕…の前に,…の手前に(物理的な位置関係における「…の前に」にはin front of ...を用いるほうが普通)

 The Pope stood before the altar.
法王は祭壇の前に立った
 A promising future lies before me.
私には約束された未来がある

成句before all [everything]
何よりも
副詞1〔時間〕以前に,前に⇒ago【語法】

 I read the novel before.
以前,その小説を読んだことがある
 I had talked to him three weeks before.
彼とはその3週間前に話した(←ある過去時を基準にして3週間前ということ)
 Like you were saying before, too much freedom can be a burden.
前に君が言っていたように,自由がありすぎると重荷になるね

2((今はまれ))〔位置〕前に[を]

 go before
前を行く

成句as before
以前のように

 He can no longer produce good music as before.
彼はもはや以前のようによい音楽をプロデュースすることができない

成句before long
⇒long名詞成句
成句look before and after
((今はまれ))前後を見る;あとさきを考える
接続詞…するよりも前に,…しないうちに

 Before I came to Japan, I didn't even know the difference between spring and fall.
日本に来るまでは,春と秋の違いすら知らなかった
 Take a deep breath before you start your presentation.
発表を始める前に深呼吸しなさい
 Oh, before I forget, we'll have a meeting this coming Friday.
あっ忘れる前に(言っておくけど),今度の金曜日に会議だからね

成句it was not long before ...
…までは長くかからなかった,まもなく…した

 It was not long before the scandal reared its ugly head.
まもなくそのスキャンダルは醜い姿を現した

成句it won't be long before ...
まもなく…だろう

 With the leaves changing colors, it won't be long before winter is here.
木の葉が色を変えると,まもなく冬がくる


【接続詞】
〜する前に, 〜してからでなければ〜できない, 〜した末にやっと, 〜がまだなかった頃, 〜するよりはむしろ
用例Do it before you forget.
印欧語根
per非常に広い意味を持つ印欧語根で、基本的には「前に」「…を経て」を表す前置詞の意味を持つ。
その他にin front of, before, early, first, chief, toward, against, near, at, aroundのような広い意味を表す。
主な派生語には、first, from, before, forth, paradise, per-で始まる多くの語(percentなど)、接頭辞pre-を持つ語(preludeなど)、pri-で始まる多くの語(princeなど)、接頭辞pro-を持つ語(propertyなど)などがある。


before

参照:日外アソシエーツ

【副詞】
更新前; 印刷前

***** 共起表現
前に, 以前に
関連語
already, anterior, ex-, fore-, former, formerly, pre-, previous, previously, prior

before

参照:情報通信研究機構

【副詞】
1
時間的に前の
(earlier in time)
I had known her before 私は、前に彼女を知っていた
as I said before 私が以前言ったように
he called me the day before but your call had come even earlier 彼は、前日私に電話をくれたが、あなたの電話の方がさらに早かった
2
前面のまたは前面で
(at or in the front)
with the cross of Jesus marching on before 前方にイエスの十字が行進して来て
「before」に関する類語一覧

before

参照:情報通信研究機構

曩に;前に;お前;嘗て;已前;前方;曽て;甞て;曾て;かつて;嚮に;御前;故;以前;さきに

before

参照:Weblio

訳語 ビフォア;まえ
訳語 以前と;の前に;その前;ビフォー;前倒す;する前に;以前から;それ以前に
訳語 より先に

before

参照:Weblio

b4 と略される。

before

参照:日外アソシエーツ

以前;以往;迄;内;迄に;何時か;先;供する;前;有る
以前;前廉;前方;漸く;前

before

参照:Weblio

上, 一時, 先に, 曩に, 前, 以前に, お先に, 前に, 迄に, 面前, ビフォー, 嘗て, 曾て, 都て, ない内に, 無い内に, 以前, 已前, 先立ち, 疾く
…に先立って, 前に, …を前にして, 〈以前に〉・先に, …に先んじて, …までに, 〈以前〉・もとは
面前で

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ご了承くださいませ。

before

参照:Wiktionary

別の表記

 befo (pronunciation spelling)
 befo' (pronunciation spelling)

語源

From Middle English before (adverb かつ preposition), from 古期英語 beforan, from be- + foran (“before”), from fore, from Proto-Germanic, from Proto-Indo-European. Cognate with Saterland Frisian befoar (“before”), German Low German bevör (“before”), German bevor (“before”).

発音

 (Received 発音) enPR: bĭfôʹ, IPA(key): /bɪˈfɔː/
 (General American) enPR: bəfôrʹ, bēfôrʹ, IPA(key): /bəˈfɔɹ/, /biˈfɔɹ/
 (rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) enPR: bĭfōrʹ, IPA(key): /bɪˈfo(ː)ɹ/
 (non-rhotic, without the horse–hoarse merger) IPA(key): /bɪˈfoə/
 ハイフネーション: be‧fore
 韻: -ɔː(ɹ)

前置詞

before
 Earlier than (in time).

I want this done before Monday.


 (Can we date this quote?) Jonathan Swift

Before this treatise can become of use, two points are necessary.

 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, in The Celebrity:

We made an odd party before the arrival of the Ten, particularly when the Celebrity dropped in for lunch or dinner.


 2011 November 11, Rory Houston, “Estonia 0-4 Republic of Ireland”, in RTE Sport:

Stephen Ward then had to time his tackle excellently to deny Tarmo Kink as the Wolves winger slid the ball out of play before the Estonian could attempt to beat Given.


 In front of in space.

He stood before me.


We sat before the fire to warm ourselves.


 (Can we date this quote?) John Milton

His angel, who shall go / Before them in a cloud and pillar of fire.

 1909, Archibald Marshall [pseudonym; Arthur Hammond Marshall], chapter I, in The Squire’s Daughter, London: Methuen, OCLC 12026604; republished New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1919, OCLC 491297620:





He tried to persuade Cicely to stay away from the ball-room for a fourth dance. […] But she said she must go back, and when they joined the crowd again […] she found her mother standing up before the seat on which she had sat all the evening searching anxiously for her with her eyes, and her father by her side.

 2013 September-October, Henry Petroski, “The Evolution of Eyeglasses”, in American Scientist:

The ability of a segment of a glass sphere to magnify whatever is placed before it was known around the year 1000, when the spherical segment was called a reading stone, essentially what today we might term a frameless magnifying glass or plain glass paperweight.


 In the presence of.

He performed before the troops in North Africa.

He spoke before a joint session of Congress.

 Under consideration, judgment, authority of (someone).

The case laid before the panel aroused nothing but ridicule.


 (Can we date this quote?) John Ayliffe

If a suit be begun before an archdeacon […]

 In store for, in the future of (someone).
 (Can we date this quote?) Thomas Carlyle

The golden age […] is before us.

 In front of, according to a formal system of ordering items.

In alphabetical order, "cat" comes before "dog", "canine" before feline".


 At a higher or greater position than, in a ranking.

An entrepreneur puts market share and profit before quality, an amateur intrinsic qualities before economical considerations.


 Bible, John i. 15

He that cometh after me is preferred before me.

 (Can we date this quote?) Samuel Johnson

The eldest son is before the younger in succession.

同意語

 (earlier than in time): by, no later than, prior to
 (in front of in space): ahead of, in front of
 (in front of according to an ordering system): ahead of

反意語

 (earlier than in time): after, later than
 (in front of in space): behind
 (in front of according to an ordering system): after

副詞

before (not comparable)
 At an earlier time.
 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, in The Mirror and the Lamp:

All this was extraordinarily distasteful to Churchill. It was ugly, gross. Never before had he felt such repulsion when the vicar displayed his characteristic bluntness or coarseness of speech. In the present connexion—or rather as a transition from the subject that started their conversation—such talk had been distressingly out of place.




I've never done this before.


 In advance.
 At the front end.
 1896, Hilaire Belloc, The Bad Child’s Book of Beasts, “The Elephant”:

When people call this beast to mind,
They marvel more and more
At such a little tail behind,
So LARGE a trunk before.

同意語

 (at an earlier time): previously
 (in advance): ahead
 (at the front end): in front

反意語

 (at an earlier time): after
 (at the front end): behind

派生語

 beforehand
 beforetime

接続詞

before
 in advance of the time when
 (informal) rather or sooner than

同意語

 (rather than): lest

参照

 before at OneLook Dictionary Search
 Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Spatial particles of orientation", in The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

アナグラム

 borfee

before

参照:Wikipedia


Before is an EP by electronic producer Gold Panda, released by Gold Panda himself in September 2009. The track Heaps came to prominence when it was used a beat by American rapper Curren$y for a video by Pitchfork Media leading to Curren$y exclaiming 'Give me 16 beats from Gold Panda'. Gold Panda himself acknowledged the video on his Twitter account, calling it 'Amazing!'.