辞書

類語

英和・和英

That

参照:研究社

A (⇔this)
《指示形容詞》 (《複数形》 those)
1
 a [離れているもの[人]をさして] その,あの.
 b [遠方の時・所をさして] あの,あちらの,その.
 c [this と相関的に用いて] あの.
2
 a [対話者同士がすでに知っているもの[人,量]をさして] あの.
 b [軽蔑などの感情をこめて用いて] 例の,あの.
 c [関係詞節による限定をあらかじめ指示して] あの 《★【比較】 日本語では強く訳さないほうがよい》.

《指示代名詞》 (《複数形》 those)
1
 a [this に対して離れた向こうにあるものをさして] それ,あれ 《★【用法】 this と違って that は通例指さして人に用いない; cf. that man》.
 b [前に言及しているか,場面上了解されている物事をさして] そのこと.
 c [向こうにいる,または話題に上っている人をさして] あの人,その人; そこにいる人.
2
 a [前に述べた名詞の反復を避けるために用いて] (…の)それ 《★【用法】 one と違って the+名詞(複数形は those) の代用で(次の用例では that=the climate) 通例前置詞句が伴う》.
 b [先行する陳述(の一部)を強調的に繰り返して] (まさに)そのとおり.
3 [関係代名詞 which の先行詞に用いて] 《文語》 (…するところの)もの,こと 《★【変換】 that which は what に変換可能; ただし,there is 構文では that と which が離れることがある》.
4 [this と相関的に用いて] 前者.

代名詞としての「that」のイディオムやフレーズ

and áll thát
and thát
at thát
bé that as it máy
for áll thát
lìke thát
Táke thát!
Thát dóes it!
thàt ìs (to sày)
Thát's dóne it!
Thát's enóugh!
Thàt's mòre líke it
thát's thát
Thát's the lást stráw!
thát's whát it is
thís and thát
thís,thát,and the óther
with thát

━/ðt/

《指示副詞》
1 《口語》 [数量・程度を示す語を限定して] それほど,そんなに.
2 [しばしば all that で; 通例否定文で] 《口語》 あまり(…でない), そうひどく(…でない).
B /ðət/

1 [名詞節を導いて]
 a [主語節を導いて] (…)ということは.
 b [補語節を導いて] (…)ということで 《★【用法】 しばしば that が略されることがある》.
 c [目的語節を導いて] (…)ということを 《★【用法】 比較的平易な短い文では that が略される》.
 d [同格節を導いて] (…)という 《★【用法】 that を略すことはない》.
 e [形容詞・自動詞などに続く節を導いて] (…)ということを 《★【用法】 文法的に副詞節とも考えられるが,意味上他動詞相当句と考えて名詞節に入れる》.
2 [副詞節を導いて]
 a [so [such]…that の形で程度・結果を表わして] (非常に)…なので,…(する)ほど 《★【用法】 《口語》 では that を略す》.
 b [(so) that,in order that の形で目的を表わして] …するように,…せんがために 《★【用法】 that 節の中で may [might] を用いるのは形式ばった表現で,can,will [could,would] が用いられる; また 《口語》 では that がしばしば略される》.
 c [原因・理由を表わして] …だから,…のゆえに.
 d [判断の標準を表わして] (…である,…する)とは.
 e [通例否定語の後で制限の節を導いて] 〈…する〉限りでは,〈…する〉ところでは 《★【用法】 この用法の that はそれ自体は関係代名詞的で,後の他動詞や前置詞の目的語に当たる》.
3 [It is [was]…that…の形で副詞(語句)を強調して] …のは 《★【用法】 副詞語句の強調構文の場合で,名詞語句の強調構文は関係代名詞 (⇒C3)》.
4 [感嘆文をなして]
 a [that 節中に should を用い,驚き・憤りを表わして] …するとは!.
 b [that 節中に仮定法過去形を用い願望を表わして] 《文語》 …すればよいのだが!

接続詞としての「that」のイディオムやフレーズ

bùt that…
ìn that…
nòw that…

C /(弱形) ðət/

(関係代名詞)
1 [人・ものを表わす先行詞を受けて通例制限用法で] (…する[である])ところの 《★【用法】 先行詞がもの・人を表わす場合で,最上級の形容詞,all the,the only,the same,the very などの制限的語句を含む時,および,先行詞が疑問代名詞や all,much,little,everything,nothing などの時に多く用いられる傾向があるが,絶対的なものではない; 人の場合には who,ものの場合には which も用いる》:
 a [主語として].
 b [補語として].
 c [他動詞・前置詞の目的語として] 《★【用法】 that はよく略される; 前置詞は関係詞節内の動詞の後に置かれる》.
2 [時・方法・理由などを表わす名詞を先行詞として関係副詞的に用いて] (…する,…である)ところの 《★【用法】 しばしば that は略される; the way のあとの that は通例用いない》.
3 [It is [was]…that…の形で名詞(相当語句)を強調して] …のは 《★【用法】 名詞語句の強調構文の場合で,副詞語句の強調構文は接続詞 (⇒B3); 《口語》 では that はしばしば略される》.

代名詞としての「that」のイディオムやフレーズ

that ís [that wás,that is to bé]


古期英語から; THE と同語源

音節that発音記号・読み方((弱))ðət,((強))ðǽt変化複those{ðóʊz}
コアあの空間的,時間的に自分から離れた対象を指すⅠ指示代名詞代名詞
├あれ,それ▷1
├あの[その]こと▷2
├そのとき▷4
├それ▷5
└(…する)もの,こと▷6
Ⅱ関係代名詞代名詞
└…であるところの▷8
あの,その▷形容詞
その程度に▷副詞1
Ⅰ名詞節を導いて接続詞
├…ということ▷1234
└…という▷5
Ⅱ副詞節を導いて接続詞
├…するように▷8
└とても…なので~である▷10
代名詞Ⅰ指示代名詞
1(自分の近くにない特定の対象を指して)あれ,それ;あの[その]人

 That's the dictionary I have been looking for.
それは私がずっと探していた辞書だ
 That's my father over there.
あそこにいるあの人は私の父です
 Hello! This is Mike. Is that John?
もしもし,マイクだけど,ジョンですか(電話の表現で,((英))では自分はthis, 相手はthatで表される.((米))ではどちらについてもthisが用いられることが多い)
 Look at that!
あれをごらんなさい(ここでのthatは通例,物を指す.人の場合はthat girl, that gentlemanなどと具体的に述べる)

2(相手にすでにわかっている対象・事柄を指して)あの[その]こと,あれ,それ

 We've run out of sugar. I'll add that to my shopping list.
砂糖が切れてる.買い物リストにそれを加えておこう
 “My mother passed the driving test."“That's great!"
「私の母が運転免許の試験に合格したんだ」「それはすごい」
 That's what I'm trying to say.
それが私が言おうとしていることなのです
 After that she studied in America for two years.
そのあと彼女はアメリカで2年間勉強した
 That's why I applied for a week's leave of absence.
そんなわけで私は一週間の休暇を願い出たのです

3((かたい))前者(後者thisに対応していうが,the formerを用いるほうが普通)
4そのとき,あのとき

 Where did you go after that?
あれからどこに行ったの
 That was my first visit to London.
ロンドンへはあのときが初めてです

5((「the+名詞」の代用))それ(しばしばthat of ...で用いる)

 His behavior is not that of an educated person.
彼の行動は教育ある人間のそれ[行動]ではない(thatはthe behaviorを指す)
 For me, there is no greater pleasure than jogging in the park.
私には公園をジョッギングすることほど大きな楽しみはない(thatはthe pleasureを指す)

6((関係代名詞whichの先行詞))(…する)もの,こと

 Artists are attracted to that which is beautiful.
芸術家は美しいものに引かれるものだ(that whichは形式ばった言い方で,whatを用いるほうが普通)

7((英))そう(先行する内容に強い同意を表す)

 “She's an excellent engineer."“She is that."
「彼女は優れたエンジニアだ」「本当にそうだね」

成句and all that
そのほかあれこれ
成句and that
しかも

 That Japanese boy can speak French, and that very comfortably.
その日本人の少年はフランス語が話せる,しかもとてもじょうずにね

成句and things like that
その他いろいろ(口語ではand stuff like thatも用いられる.その他,場所や人についてはand places like that, and people like thatが用いられる)

 I like spaghetti, hamburgers and things like that.
私はスパゲッティ,ハンバーグなどが好きだ

成句at that
さらに加えて,しかも

 It's a fast computer, and a portable one at that.
それは速いコンピュータで,しかも携帯可能なものだ

成句like that
あんなふうに

 He always talks like that.
彼はいつもあんな話し方をする

成句That's ... for you.
((口))…とはそういうものだ

 That's Ted for you. Always joking.
テッドというのはそういう人さ.いつも冗談ばかり言って

成句That's it.
((口))(喜び・発見を表して)それが望んでいることだ,そのとおりだ;(怒り・不満を表して)どうしようもないね,これでおしまいだ

 That's it. That's what I have wanted to say.
それだよ,それこそ私が言いたかったことだよ
 That's it; I'm leaving if you don't study hard.
どうしようもないね.君たちが気を入れて勉強しないなら,私は帰るよ

成句That's that.
もうこれ以上何もするつもりはない[言うつもりはない],それで決まりだ

 I won't allow you to marry him, and that's that!
私はおまえが彼と結婚することを許さない.それだけだ

成句with that
そう言って;そうして

 With that, let's bring the meeting to a close.
それで会議を終えることにしよう

Ⅱ関係代名詞
8〔人・物・生物一般を限定して〕…であるところの(通例制限用法で用いる)
a((主語・目的語))

 The dictionary that is on the desk is mine.
机の上にある辞書は私のです
 There were few apples that had no bruises.
傷のまったくないリンゴはほとんどなかった
 These are the pictures she painted when she was young.
これらは彼女が若いころ描いた絵です(目的格のときはthatは省略可.前置詞の目的語としては用いられない)
 Is there any place you want to visit during summer vacation?
夏休み中にどこか行きたいところがありますか
 There's a student wants to see you.
学生が一人あなたに会いたがっています(通例主格ではthatは省略できないが,there [here] is ...などの表現とともに用いられる場合,口語では省略可)
 Can you see the gentleman and his dog that are crossing the street?
通りを横切ろうとしている紳士と犬が見えますか(先行詞が人と動物,または人と物であるときはthatを用いる)
 This is the best book I've ever read.
これは私がこれまで読んだ本の中で最高のものです(先行詞に最上級の形容詞,序数詞,the only, the same, the veryなどがある場合には通例thatが使われる)

b((関係詞が関係詞節中で補語になる場合))

 He is no longer the hard worker that he used to be.
彼はもはや昔のような勉強家ではない

9((関係副詞的に用いて))…ところの(場所・時・理由・方法)(しばしばthatは省略される)

 I crashed the car on the day I got my license.
私は免許を取った日に車をぶつけてしまった(whenに置き換え可能)
 I still remember the summer I walked around Kyoto.
私は京都を歩いて回った夏のことをまだ覚えている(whenに置き換え可能)
 That wasn't the reason he dismissed you.
それは彼があなたを解雇した理由ではありません(whyに置き換え可能)
 My mother bakes cakes in the way my grandmother did.
母は私の祖母のようなやり方でケーキを焼く(the way howはあまり使われない)

成句It is ... that ~.
((強調構文))~するのは…である(文中の名詞・代名詞に焦点をあてる構文.過去のことについて述べる場合はIt was ... that ~とするのが一般的)

 It was Mary that explained the accident to me yesterday.
昨日その事件のことを私に説明してくれたのはメアリーだ(焦点をあてられる項目が人を表す場合はwhoも可)

形容詞((指示形容詞))
1(話し手から離れたところにある特定の対象を指して)あの,その

 Do you see that gentleman over there?
あそこにいるあの紳士が見えますか
 This computer is faster than that one.
このコンピュータはあのコンピュータよりも速い

2(相手にすでにわかっている対象を指して)あの,その,例の

 What did you do on that day?
その日あなたは何をしましたか(時間的な隔たりを意味する)
 Did you see that ad for a secretary?
あなたはあの秘書の求人広告を見ましたか
 That dog of yours went for my son.
君のあの犬が私の息子を襲ったんだ(your dogを用いた場合とは異なって,いらだち,怒りの気持ちが表される.これとは対照的に,次の例のようにthisは好意,賞賛の気持ちを表すことがある.This computer of yours is really wonderful.「君のこのコンピュータはほんとにすばらしいよ」)

3((関係代名詞の先行詞を修飾))あの,その(日本語に訳されないこともある)

 Do you remember that boy I introduced you to two days ago?
2日前に私があなたに紹介した(あの)少年を覚えていますか

副詞((口))
1その程度に,それくらい,それほど(先行文脈の記述を受け,数量・程度を表す形容詞・副詞と共に用いる)

 500 dollars? I can't pay that much.
500ドルですって.そんなには払えないよ
 His son will be that tall, too.
彼の息子もそのくらい背が高くなるでしょう
 I didn't know you love her that much.
君がそれほど彼女を愛しているなんて知らなかったよ
 We haven't had that good a time in several years.
私たちはここ数年の間それほど楽しい時を過ごしたことはなかった(that good a timeという語順に注意)

2あまり(…ない)(否定文で用いる)

 “Did you enjoy the book?"“Not that much."
「その本は楽しめましたか」「それほどでもなっかたよ」(「人が言っているほどには」「考えられているほどには」という意味合いを伴うことがある)
 My uncle was not that tall.
私のおじはあまり背が高くなかった(thatの前にallが置かれることもある)

3とても,それほど(前文の内容を受ける)

 I just can't swim anymore. I'm that tired.
もうこれ以上は泳げない.私はとても疲れた

接続詞Ⅰ名詞節を導いて
1((主語))…ということ(通例はitを形式主語としてその後に続く)

 It is clear we need to take his opinion into account.
我々が彼の意見を考慮に入れなければならないことは明らかだ
 It is good he changed his mind.
彼の気が変わったことはいいことだ
 It surprised me that my son finished that difficult book in a day.
あの難しい本を息子が1日で読み終えたことは私を驚かせた
 It's a pity Mr. Smith doesn't agree to our proposal.
スミス先生が私たちの提案に賛成してくれないのは残念だ

2((動詞の目的語))…ということ

 I know he is from New York.
私は彼がニューヨーク出身であることを知っている
 I think democracy is well‐rooted in this country.
この国では民主主義がよく根づいていると思う
 Hanako said she would go to the party.
花子はパーティーに行くと言っていた
 We were told the sports meeting would be postponed.
そのスポーツ大会は延期されると私たちは知らされた

3((形容詞の後に続いて))…ということ

 We are very sorry he cannot go to Australia with us.
彼が私たちとオーストラリアに行けなくて私たちはとても残念だ
 We are very happy he saw his mother again.
彼が母親と再会できて私たちはとてもうれしい
 I'm afraid John will not come.
ジョンは来ないのではないかと思う

4((主格補語))…ということ

 What I know is that all of the members disagree to my proposal.
私が承知しているのは,メンバー全員が私の提案に反対しているということだ

5((同格))…という(…)(名詞と同格になる節を導く)

 I had a feeling that nobody agreed to my proposal.
私の提案にだれも賛成していないと私は感じた
 We have a lot of evidence that his new theory is correct.
彼の新しい理論が正しいという多くの証拠が私たちにはある

6(…する,…である)といいのに(願望・遺憾を表す節を導く)

 Oh, that I could live again!
生まれ変われたらいいのになあ

7((it that))…ということ

 We agreed to it that he should get married to her.
私たちは彼が彼女と結婚することに同意した
 We can count on it that he will help us.
彼はきっと私たちを手伝ってくれるでしょう

Ⅱ副詞節を導いて
8〔目的・意図〕…するように(通例so that ..., in order that ...の形で用い,口語ではthatが省略されることがある)

 He got up early so he wouldn't be late for the meeting.
彼は会議に遅れないように早起きした

9〔原因・理由〕…とは,…なんて(驚き・残念などを表す)

 How terrible that you forgot our wedding anniversary!
私たちの結婚記念日を忘れてしまったとはあなたはなんてひどいんでしょう

10〔結果・程度〕〓so [such] ... that ~〓とても…なので~である(口語ではthatが省略されることがある)

 He got up so early that he saw the sun rise.
彼はとても早く起きたので日の出は見られた
 It was such a wonderful song that everyone was moved.
それはとても素晴らしい歌だったので,みんなが感動した

11〔結果〕《so that ...》それで…

 He studied hard so he won a scholarship.
彼は一生懸命勉強して,その結果,奨学金をもらった(thatは省略されることがある)

12〔譲歩・理由〕…だけれども,…なので

 Honest man that he was, he would not accept the money.
彼はとにかく正直な男なので,どうしてもそのお金を受け取らなかった

成句in that ...
…という点で,…であるから

 He is a true teacher, in that he always wants to learn.
彼は常に学習意欲を持っているという点で,真の教師だ

成句It is ... that ~.
((強調構文))~するのは…である(文中の副詞表現に焦点をあてる構文.過去のことについて述べる場合はIt was ... that ~とするのが一般的)

 It was yesterday that Mary explained the accident to me.
メアリーがその事件のことを私に説明してくれたのは昨日だった


語法thatとthisの違い
thatもthisもすでに述べられた事柄を指すことができるが,これから述べる事柄を指すことができるのはthisだけである
/I recommended him for the job, but that [this] was a big mistake.私は彼をその職に推薦したが,それ[これ]は大きな間違いだった/Listen to this! She was late for the meeting again.(このことを)聞いてくれよ.彼女はまた会議に遅刻したんだ

語法関係代名詞thatの機能
thatに導かれた関係詞節は,先行詞についての必要不可欠な情報を伝える.次の表現で,関係詞節がないと,どんな時計かがわからない.
the watch (that) she gave me for my birthday私の誕生日に彼女が私にくれた(特定の)時計

語法thatとwhoの使い分け
thatもwhoも人について用いることが可能だが,この使い方には次のような傾向がある
①主格の関係代名詞の先行詞が具体的な人を表す場合にはwhoが好まれる/The boy who broke the window is my son.窓ガラスを割った少年は私の息子だ
②目的格の関係代名詞(動詞の直接目的語や前置詞の目的語)の場合にはthatが好まれる.この場合,関係代名詞はしばしば省略される/The guy (that) I met yesterday was too tall.私が昨日会った人はとても背が高かった/The lawyer (that) you always go to is my uncle.君がいつも行っている弁護士は私のおじさんだ
③先行詞に最上級の形容詞,序数詞,the only, the same, the veryなどがある場合にはwhoもthatも可能だがthatが好まれる.any, some, no, everyなどの限定詞がある場合も同様である/Meg is the first student that passed the difficult exam.メグはその難しい試験に合格した最初の学生だ

語法
①口語ではthatが省略されることがある.that節が文頭にある場合にはthatを省略することはできない
②((英))では,advisable, essential, important, necessaryなど,妥当性や重要性を表す形容詞がとるthat節でshouldがしばしば用いられる.この場合,that節の内容は,話し手によって想定された状況を表す.((米))ではふつう動詞の原形が用いられる
It is necessary that he (should) be dismissed.彼は解雇されなければならない
③((英))では,amazing, natural, strangeなど,価値判断を表す形容詞がとるthat節でもshouldがしばしば用いられる.この場合,((米))では直説法が用いられることが多い

語法
①that節が動詞の直後にある場合には,通例,thatを省略することが可能.特に,短い文ではしばしば省略される
②reply, telegraphなどのように,ふつうはthatを省略できない動詞もある
She replied that she had been waiting for two hours.彼女は2時間待っていたと答えた
③demand, insist, order, propose, recommend, suggestなど,提案・助言・要求を表す動詞がとるthat節は,話し手によって想定された状況を表し,((英))ではshouldがしばしば用いられる.((米))ではふつうshouldは使わずに動詞を原形にする⇒should4
I suggest that you (should) accept their proposal.私はあなたが彼らの提案を受け入れるようにと勧める

結びつき
that節をとる主な動詞/accept, admit, agree, announce, answer, argue, believe, claim, convince, complain, consider, decide, deny, expect, explain, fear, feel, forget, guess, hope, inform, insist, imagine, know, mention, notify, persuade, prefer, promise, suggest, suppose, regret, remind, reply, remember, say, tell, think, understand, warn, wish, worryなど

語法
①口語ではthatが省略されることがある
②((英))では,ashamed, astonished, sorry, surprisedなど,態度や感情を表す形容詞がとるthat節でshouldが用いられる.((米))では直説法が用いられる
I was sorry that he should be absent.彼が欠席していて残念だった

結びつき
that節をとる主な形容詞/afraid, anxious, ashamed, certain, delighted, glad, interested, pleased, positive, satisfied, surprisedなど

結びつき
that節をとる主な名詞/advantage, advice, agreement, belief, claim, conclusion, confidence, decision, effect, evidence, fact, feeling, hope, idea, impression, news, opinion, possibility, promise, threat, view, warning, wishなど


それ
用例Look at that man over there.
印欧語根
to-指示代名詞を表す印欧語根(that, the, thisなど)。
tandemなどの由来として、「とうとう」「この程度で」。


当該

That

参照:科学技術振興機構

そっち

That

参照:情報通信研究機構

然う言った;そっち;其の方;それ;然う言う;其;そう言った;そうした;然る;其段;その段;その方;そう言う;そんなだ;其の段;然うした;そういった;其方;其れ;その;あの;そちら

That

参照:Weblio

訳語 そのこと;あの;あれ
訳語 ということ

That

参照:日外アソシエーツ

ああ;其方;あの;事;そりゃ;の;あちら;間;其;彼の;其処;其れ;そちら
条;当;其奴;あの;為;彼;あんなに


That

参照:Weblio

それ;あれ;その;あの
カテゴリ ビジネス用語
Weblio専門用語対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

That

参照:Weblio

タット
あんな, それが, 其, 夫, 例の, 其れ, 其, 其の, 其処, 其所, 其奴, 何, 彼方, あがぁな, 彼の, その事, 其の事, 其事, 其, 汝, 彼
そこが, 〈その〉・当の
〈そちらの物〉・その方, 〈物〉・そっち
〈その物〉・其奴

Weblio英和対訳辞書はプログラムで機械的に意味や英語表現を生成しているため、不適切な項目が含まれていることもあります。
ご了承くださいませ。

That

参照:Wiktionary

語源

From Middle English that, from 古期英語 þæt (“the, that”, neuter definite article かつ relative pronoun), from Proto-Germanic *þat. Cognate to Saterland Frisian dät, West Frisian dat, Dutch dat, Low German dat, German dass and das, Danish det, Swedish det, Icelandic það.

発音

 (強勢) enPR: thăt
 (英国発音, 米国発音, Canada, General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈðæt/
 (General New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈðɛt/
 (India) IPA(key): /ˈd̪æt/, /ˈd̪ɛt/, /ˈd̪æʈ/, /ˈd̪ʱæʈ/,
  韻: -æt
 (弱勢) enPR: thət, IPA(key): /ˈðət/

The demonstrative pronoun and determiner that is usually stressed; the conjunction and relative pronoun that is usually unstressed.

接続詞

that
 Introducing a clause which is the subject or object of a verb (such as one involving reported speech), or which is a complement to a previous statement.

He told me that the book is a good read.

I believe that it is true.She is convinced that he is British.

 Introducing a subordinate clause expressing a reason or cause: because, in that.

Be glad that you have enough to eat.

 (dated) Introducing a subordinate clause that expresses an aim, purpose, or goal ("final"), and usually contains the auxiliaries may, might, or should: so, so that.
 c. 1596-97, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act I scene iii[1]:

Bassanio: Be assured you may.

Shylock: I will be assured I may; and, that I may be assured, I will bethink me. May I speak with Antonio?

 1714, Alexander Pope, The Rape of the Lock, III.1:

The hungry judges soon the sentence sign, and wretches hang that jurymen may dine.

 1833, Parley's Magazine, volume 1, page 23:

Ellen's mamma was going out to pay a visit, but she left the children a large piece of rich plumcake to divide between them, that they might play at making feasts.

 1837, The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal (volume 23, page 222)

That he might ascertain whether any of the cloths of ancient Egypt were made of hemp, M. Dutrochet has examined with the microscope the weavable filaments of this last vegetable.

 c. 1845-46, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Sonnets from the Portuguese, If Thou Must Love Me[2]:

[…] A creature might forget to weep, who bore / Thy comfort long, and lose thy love thereby! / But love me for love's sake, that evermore / Thou mayst love on, through love's eternity.

 1886-88, Richard F. Burton, The Supplemental Nights to the Thousand Nights and a Night, Night 547:

Now one day of the days, […] the Sultan cast his eyes upon her as she stood before him, and said to his Grand Wazir, "This be the very woman whereof I spake to thee yesterday, so do thou straightway bring her before me, that I may see what be her suit and fulfil her need."

 2009, Dallas R. Burdette, Biblical Preaching and Teaching →ISBN, page 340:

Jesus died that we might live "through" Him.

 Introducing — especially, but not exclusively, with an antecedent like so or such — a subordinate clause expressing a result, consequence, or effect.

The noise was so loud that she woke up.

The problem was sufficiently important that it had to be addressed.

 2008, Zoe Williams, The Guardian, 23 May 2008:

My dad apparently always said that no child of his would ever be harassed for its poor eating habits, and then I arrived, and I was so disgusting that he revised his opinion.

 (archaic or poetic) Introducing a premise or supposition for consideration: seeing as; inasmuch as; given that; as would appear from the fact that.
 1623, William Shakespeare, The Comedy of Errors:

What, are you mad, that you do reason so?

 1859, Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities:

In short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.

 c. 1911, D.H. Lawrence, third draft of what became Sons and Lovers, in Helen Baron (editor), Paul Morel, Cambridge University Press (2003), →ISBN, page 234:

“She must be wonderfully fascinating,” said Mrs Morel, with scathing satire. “She must be very wonderful, that you should trail eight miles, backward and forward, after eight o’clock at night.”

 Introducing a subordinate clause modifying an adverb.

Was John there? — Not that I saw.

How often did she visit him? — Twice that I saw.

 1866 October 6, Anthony Trollope, The Claverings, part 8, in Littell's Living Age, number 1166 (series 4, number 27), page 27:

" […] I will go anywhere that she may wish if she will go with me,"

 Introducing an exclamation expressing a desire or wish.
 1864, T. S. Norgate's translation of the Iliad, book 10, page 613:

"Would that my rage and wrath would somehow stir me, / Here as I am, to cut off thy raw flesh / And eat it."

 1892, Paolo Segneri, The Manna of the Soul: Meditations for Each Day of the Year:

"Oh, that they would be wise, and would understand, […] "

 Introducing an exclamation expressing a strong emotion such as sadness or surprise.
 1610, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, act 1, scene 2, page 4:

I pray thee, mark me — that a brother should / Be so perfidious! —

使用する際の注意点

 That can be used to introduce subordinate clauses, but can just as easily be omitted: one can say either “he told me that it’s a good read” (in which case the second clause is a “that clause”) or “he told me it’s a good read” (in which case the second clause is a “bare clause”).
 Historically, “that” was usually preceded by a comma (“he told me, that it’s a good read”) — such usage was, for example, recommended by the grammarian Joseph Robertson in his 1785 essay On Punctuation — but this is now generally considered nonstandard.
 Historically, that was sometimes used after a preposition to introduce a clause that was the object of the preposition, as in “after that things are set in order here, we’ll follow them” (Shakespeare, 1 Henry VI), which simply means “after things are set in order...” and would be worded thus in modern English.[1]

限定詞

that (複数形 those)
 The (thing, person, idea, etc) indicated or understood from context, especially if more remote physically, temporally or mentally than one designated as "this", or if expressing distinction.

That book is a good read. This one isn't.


That battle was in 1450.


That cat of yours is evil.


 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:

The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; for, even after she had conquered her love for the Celebrity, the mortification of having been jilted by him remained.


 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest:

She was like a Beardsley Salome, he had said. And indeed she had the narrow eyes and the high cheekbone of that creature, and as nearly the sinuosity as is compatible with human symmetry.


 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess:

‘No. I only opened the door a foot and put my head in. The street lamps shine into that room. I could see him. He was all right. Sleeping like a great grampus. Poor, poor chap.’


 2016, VOA Learning English (public domain)
The gym is across from the lounge. It’s next to the mailroom. Go that way. — Thanks, Pete! — No, Anna! Not that way! Go that way!
 

派生語

 thatness
 this, that, and the other

代名詞

that (複数形 those)
 (demonstrative) The thing, person, idea, quality, event, action, or time indicated or understood from context, especially if more remote geographically, temporally or mentally than one designated as "this", or if expressing distinction. [from 9thc.]
 c. 1600, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Act 3, Scene 1:

To be, or not to be: that is the question: / Whether 'tis nobler in the mind to suffer / The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune, / Or to take arms against a sea of troubles, / And by opposing end them?

 1888 July, The Original Secession Magazine, page 766:

[He] was qualified and fitted, both intellectually and morally, — and that to an exceptional extent — to be the Head […]

 1909, Archibald Marshall [pseudonym; Arthur Hammond Marshall], chapter II, in The Squire’s Daughter, London: Methuen, OCLC 12026604; republished New York, N.Y.: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1919, OCLC 491297620:





"I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers by—except steal. I never did that. I always made up my mind I'd be a big man some day, and—I'm glad I didn't steal."

 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game (Folio Society 2010), page 310:

However […], the British were unable to do much about it short of going to war with St Petersburg, and that the government was unwilling to do.

 2005, Joey Comeau, Lockpick Pornography (Loose Teeth Press):

I've never seen someone beaten unconscious before. That’s lesbians for you.



He went home, and after that I never saw him again.

 The known (thing); used to refer to something just said.

They're getting divorced. What do you think about that?

 (demonstrative) The aforementioned quality; used together with a verb and pronoun to emphatically repeat a previous statement.

The water is so cold! — That it is.


 1910, Helen Granville-Barker, An Apprentice to Truth, page 214:

"She is very honourable," said Mrs. Thompson, solemnly. "Yes, one sees she is that, and so simple-minded."

 (relative) (複数形 that) Which, who; representing a subject, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. [from 9thc.]

The CPR course that she took really came in handy.

The house that he lived in was old and dilapidated.

 c. 1600, William Shakespeare, Hamlet, act 1, scene 4:

By heaven, I'll make a ghost of him that lets me.

 2011 November 10, Jeremy Wilson, “England Under 21 5 Iceland Under 21 0: match report”, in Telegraph:

His ability to run at defences is instantly striking, but it is his clever use of possession that has persuaded some shrewd judges that he is an even better prospect than Theo Walcott.


 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8845:

Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.


 (colloquial) Used in place of relative adverbs such as where or when; often omitted.

the place that [= where or to which] I went last year

the last time that [= when] I went to Europe

使用する際の注意点

 Some authorities prescribe that that should only be used in restrictive contexts (where the relative clause is part of the identification of the noun phrase) and which or who/whom should be used in non-restrictive contexts; in other words, they prescribe "I like the last song on the album, which John wrote". In practice, both that and which are found in both contexts.[2]
 In a restrictive relative clause, that is never used as the object of a preposition unless the preposition occurs at the end of the clause; which is used instead. Hence "this is the car I spoke of" can be rendered as "this is the car that I spoke of" or "this is the car of which I spoke", but not as *"this is the car of that I spoke."
 That refers primarily to people or things; which refers primarily to things, and who refers primarily to people. Some authorities insist who/whom be used when making reference to people, but others, such as the Merriam-Webster dictionary, write that such prescriptions are "without foundation" and use of that in such positions is common and "entirely standard".[2] Hence, one sees both "he is the man who invented the telephone" and "he is the man that invented the telephone."
 When that (または another relative pronoun, like who または which) is used as the subject of a relative clause, the verb agrees with the antecedent of the pronoun. Thus "The thing that is...", "The things that are...", etc.
 In the past, bare that could be used, with the meaning "the thing, person, etc indicated", where modern English requires that which or what. Hence the King James translation of John 3:11 is "We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen" while the New International Version has "we speak of what we know, and we testify to what we have seen".

反意語

 (that thing): here, there, this, yon, yonder

派生語

 at that

副詞

that (not comparable)
 (degree) To a given extent or degree.

"The ribbon was that thin." "I disagree, I say it was not that thin, it was thicker... or maybe thinner..."

 (degree) To a great extent or degree; very, particularly (in negative constructions).

I'm just not that sick.

I did the run last year, and it wasn't that difficult.

Synonym: so

 (obsolete outside dialectal) To such an extent; so. (in positive constructions). <span class="attentionseeking" lang="en" title="This is still very much alive in Australian English. Not sure how to add that and retain the current qualifiers in the clearest way">

Ooh, I was that happy I nearly kissed her.

 1693, John Hacket, Scrinia reserata: a Memorial offered to the great Deservings of John Williams (Archbishop Williams):

This was carried with that little noise that for a good space the vigilant Bishop was not awak'd with it.

名詞

that (複数形 thats)
 (philosophy) Something being indicated that is there; one of those.
 1998, David L. Hall, Roger T. Ames, Thinking from the Han, page 247:

As such, they do not have the ontological weight of "Being" and "Not-being," but serve simply as an explanatory vocabulary necessary to describe our world of thises and thats.

参考

 which

参照

  ^ The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia (1903)
 2.0 2.1that” in Merriam–Webster Online Dictionary.

アナグラム

 hatt, tath