辞書

類語

英和・和英

Fresh

参照:研究社

(fresh・er; fresh・est)
1 (作りたて・取りたてで)新鮮な,新しい:
 a 取りたての,産みたての,加工してない.
 b 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) できたての,作りたての.
 c 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) 新たに発生した[発見された,供給された], 新着の.
 d 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし)まだ使用されていない,真新しい.
 e (比較なし) 〈ペンキが〉塗りたての.
 f 〈色が〉明るい,鮮明な.
2 【叙述的用法の形容詞】 (比較なし)〔+前+(代)名〕
 a 〔…から〕作りたてで,できたてで 〔from〕.
 b 〔…から〕出たばかりで 〔from,out of〕.
3 〈空気が〉さわやかな,すがすがしい.
4
 a 【叙述的用法の形容詞】 生き生きして,元気のいい,はつらつとして.
 b 〈顔色・肌など〉生き生きした,ぴちぴちした,健康そうな.
5 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) 〈水が〉塩分のない.
6 【限定用法の形容詞】 (比較なし) 新規の; もう一度の.
7 (比較なし) うぶな,初心の,未熟な,新米の.
8 《主に米国で用いられる》〈雌牛が〉子を産んで乳が出るようになった.
9 【気象】〈風が〉強い.

形容詞としての「fresh」のイディオムやフレーズ

(as) frésh as a dáisy
bréak frésh gróund


1 [通例動詞の過去分詞と複合語をなして] 新たに,新しく.
2 《米口語》 [通例 fresh out of…で] ちょうど今,最近 (…を切らして).

1 【不可算名詞】 (日・年・人生などの)初期,清新な時期.
2 =freshet.
freshness 【名詞】

古期英語「塩の入っていない」の意; 【動詞】 freshen
【叙述的用法の形容詞】
《口語》〔異性の人に対して〕厚かましくて,生意気で; なれなれしくて 〔with〕.

ドイツ語から

音節fresh発音記号・読み方fréʃ変化~・er;~・est
コア(出てきたばかりで)新鮮さを保った新鮮な;取れたての▷1a
新たな,新しい▷2
鮮やかな▷3
新入りの▷4a
さわやかな▷5
はつらつとした▷6
形容詞1a(食物が)新鮮な,生きのいい;〈…から〉取れたての,できたての〈from〉;生の,加工されていない

 fresh vegetables and fruit
新鮮な野菜と果物
 fresh coffee
入れたてのコーヒー
 fresh bread from the oven
オーブンから取り出した焼きたてのパン
 fresh milk straight from a cow
しぼりたての牛乳

b(物が)〈…から〉できたての,着いたばかりの〈from〉;(塗料などが)塗りたての

 This is the fashion fresh from Milan.
これはミラノからの最新ファッションだ
 Fresh paint.
((掲示))ペンキ塗り立て

2((ふつう限定))新たな,新しい,新規の;別な;未使用の;追加の

 I want to make a fresh start.
新しくやり直したい
 I think we need to have a fresh look at the problem.
私たちはその問題を違った角度で見る必要があると私は思う
 My house needs a fresh coat of paint.
私の家は新しく塗りなおす必要がある

3(色などが)鮮やかな;(印象などが)鮮明な,生々しい

 The memory of those happy days is still fresh in my mind.
あのころの楽しかった思い出は今でも鮮やかだ

4(比較変化なし)a(人が)新入りの,新米の

 fresh recruits
新兵[新入社員]

b((叙述))(人が)〈学校・場所などから〉出た[着いた]ばかりの;〈…を〉経験したばかりの〈from/out of〉

 I am just fresh from a junior college.
私は短大を卒業したばかりだ
 Fresh from yesterday's victory, we headed on the road.
きのうの勝利の余韻が覚めやらぬまま私たちは遠征に向かった

5(空気・風などが)さわやかな,そう快な,新鮮な;汚れていない;(気候が)涼しい

 fresh air
新鮮な空気
 I like a fine fresh spring morning like today.
きょうのように晴れてすがすがしい春の朝が好きです

6はつらつとした,元気いっぱいの,疲れていない

 a fresh complexion
健康的な顔色
 I had a good sleep last night, so I feel fresh as a daisy.
昨晩ぐっすり眠ったので,元気がみなぎっているような気がする(←ヒナゲシのように生き生きとしている)

7((ふつう限定))(水が)塩分のない,飲用できる;(バターなどが)無塩の(比較変化なし)

 fresh water
真水,淡水

8≪気象≫(風が)かなり強い

 a fresh breeze
疾風

9((口))生意気な,厚かましい;なれなれしい
成句be fresh out of ...
①(学校など)を出たてである
②((おもに米口))…を使い果たした[売りつくした]ところである
成句get [be] fresh with ...
((口))(特に異性)になれなれしい態度を取る;(人)に対して横柄な[厚かましい]態度を取る

【形容詞】
新鮮な, 到着したばかり, (記憶に)生々しい
用例Is this milk fresh?


Fresh

参照:日本河川協会

出水

Fresh

参照:科学技術振興機構

生鮮

*** 共起表現
新鮮な
関連語
freshly

Fresh

参照:情報通信研究機構

【副詞】
1
ごく最近
(very recently)
a freshly cleaned floor 最近掃除された床
we are fresh out of tomatoes 私たちは最近トマトを切らしている
【形容詞】
1
不相応にずうずうしい、または大胆な
(improperly forward or bold)
don't be fresh with me 私になれなれしくしないでください
2
まだ使われないか、汚されない
(not yet used or soiled)
a fresh shirt 新しいシャツ
a fresh sheet of paper 新しい紙
3
最近作られた、生産された、または収穫された
(recently made, produced, or harvested)
fresh bread 焼きたてのパン
a fresh scent 新鮮な香り
fresh lettuce 新鮮なレタス
4
缶詰にされなければ、あるいは保存されていない
(not canned or otherwise preserved)
fresh vegetables 新鮮な野菜
5
塩水で成らないまたはそれを含まない
(not containing or composed of salt water)
fresh water 淡水
6
活力とエネルギーを与えるさま
(imparting vitality and energy)
7
(周期について)再び始まる、または起こる
((of a cycle) beginning or occurring again)
a fresh start 再出発
fresh ideas 斬新なアイディア
8
原初、またこれまでに見られない種類
(original and of a kind not seen before)
9
交雑物がない
(free from impurities)
fresh air さわやかな空気
10
酸敗したり保存したりされていない
(not soured or preserved)
11
エネルギーが回復した
(with restored energy)
12
最近子が産まれて、そして乳を与えることができる
(having recently calved and therefore able to give milk)
the cow is fresh 牛は新鮮である
「fresh」に関する類語一覧

Fresh

参照:情報通信研究機構

生々しい;ぱりっと

Fresh

参照:日中韓辭典研究所

新鮮な

Fresh

参照:クロスランゲージ

旬鮮; 新規の; もぎたての

Fresh

参照:Weblio

訳語 鮮度がいい
訳語 水々しい
訳語 生き生きしている;生き生きとしている;爽やかな

Fresh

参照:日外アソシエーツ

淡き;新鮮;鮮美;清爽;生生しい;清新;鮮麗
爽か;新;新た;新規;若々しい;取立て;味無い;颯爽;溌剌;淡々たる;新しい

Fresh

参照:Weblio

フレッシュ, 生鮮, 新た, 清新, 生新, 事新しい, 洒落, 明か, 清か, 生きが良い, イキが良い, いきが良い, 旬, 鮮やか, 鮮か, 清々しい, 清清しい, 新しい, 新らしい, 生々しい, 生生しい, 新鮮, 取り立て, 取立て, 新規, 爽やか, ほやほや, 出来立て, 出来たて, 初々しい, 初初しい, 生きがいい, 真っ新, 真っさら, とっぽい, 生
新鮮な, 新規の, 〈新しい〉・代わりの, 清新な, 出来立ての, フレッシュな, 〈新鮮な〉・生き生きした, ちょこざいな, さわやかな, 新味のある, 新鋭の

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ご了承くださいませ。

Fresh

参照:Wiktionary

発音

 IPA(key): /fɹɛʃ/
 韻: -ɛʃ



語源 1

From Middle English fressh, from 古期英語 fersc (“fresh, pure, sweet”), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (“fresh”), from Proto-Indo-European *preysk- (“fresh”). Cognate with Scots fresch (“fresh”), West Frisian farsk (“fresh”), Dutch vers (“fresh”), Walloon frexh (“fresh”), German frisch (“fresh”), French frais (“fresh”), Norwegian and Danish frisk (“fresh”), fersk, Icelandic ferskur (“fresh”), Lithuanian prėskas (“unflavoured, tasteless, fresh”), Russian пре́сный (présnyj, “sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless”).
Slang sense possibly shortened form of “fresh out the pack”, 1980s routine by Grand Wizzard Theodore.[1][2]

形容詞

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)
 Newly produced or obtained; recent.

He followed the fresh hoofprints to find the deer.


I seem to make fresh mistakes every time I start writing.


With his recent divorce still fresh in his mind, he was unable to concentrate on his work.


 (of food) Not cooked, dried, frozen, or spoiled.

Antonym: stale

After taking a beating in the boxing ring, the left side of his face looked like fresh meat.


I brought home from the market a nice bunch of fresh spinach leaves straight from the farm.


a glass of fresh milk


 (of plant material) Still green and not dried.
 1992, Rudolf M[athias] Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, New York, N.Y.: Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page vii:





With fresh material, taxonomic conclusions are leavened by recognition that the material examined reflects the site it occupied; a herbarium packet gives one only a small fraction of the data desirable for sound conclusions. Herbarium material does not, indeed, allow one to extrapolate safely: what you see is what you get […]


 Invigoratingly cool and refreshing.

Synonym: cool

What a nice fresh breeze.


 (of water) Without salt; not saline.

Antonym: saline

After a day at sea it was good to feel the fresh water of the stream.


 a. 1628, Sir Francis Drake (?), The World Encompassed, Nicholas Bourne (publisher, 1628), page 49:

There we made our ſhip faſt with foure ropes, in ſmooth water, and the freſh water ranne downe out of the hill into the ſea, […]


 1820, William Scoresby, An Account of the Arctic Regions, Archibald Constable & Co., page 230:

When dissolved, it produces water sometimes perfectly fresh, and sometimes saltish; […]


 2009, Adele Pillitteri, Maternal and Child Health Nursing, Sixth Edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 1557:

Additional changes that occur when water enters the lungs depend on whether the water is fresh or salt.


 Rested; not tired or fatigued.

Synonym: rested

Antonym: tired

 2010 December 29, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0 - 1 Wolverhampton”, in BBC[2]:





Before the match, Hodgson had expressed the hope that his players would be fresh rather than rusty after an 18-day break from league commitments because of two successive postponements.

 In a raw or untried state; uncultured; unpracticed.

Synonyms: see Thesaurus:inexperienced

a fresh hand on a ship


 Youthful; florid.
 Shakespeare

these fresh nymphs


 (slang) Good, fashionable.

Synonyms: cool, fashionable

a fresh pair of sneakers


 1984, “Fresh”, in Emergency, performed by Kool & the Gang:

I've been thinking about the way you walk / Baby ooh I like the way you talk / Tell you something I really can't hide / Heaven must have sent you to be by my side / Fresh and lovely fresh like a dream come true / I'll give anything to spend the night with you


 (archaic, slang) Tipsy; drunk.
 1840, Parliamentary Papers (volume 9, page 43)

How long did Mr. Crisp stay with you?—He might have stayed two hours; he stayed some time after; he drank ale and got fresh.

派生語
 afresh
 fresh air
 fresh as a daisy
 fresh bean
 fresh breeze
 fresh country eggs
 freshen
 fresher
 fresh fish
 fresh food
 fresh frozen plasma
 fresh gale
 fresh ground/fresh-ground
 fresh legs
 freshly
 freshman
 freshment
 freshness
 fresh-new
 fresh off the boat
 fresh out of
 fresh start
 fresh water/freshwater
 hotter than a fresh fucked fox in a forest fire
 refresh
 refreshing
 

副詞

fresh (not comparable)
 recently; just recently; most recently

We are fresh out of milk.

 2017 July 16, Brandon Nowalk, “Chickens and dragons come home to roost on Game Of Thrones (newbies)”, in The Onion AV Club[3]:

Hell of a surprise in the seventh season premiere of Game Of Thrones. Arya Stark, fresh off a nigh Cersei-level ambush of the Frey household, comes upon a small campfire surrounded by fresh-faced red cloaks.


名詞

fresh (複数形 freshes)
 A rush of water, along a river or onto the land; a flood.
 1834, David Crockett, A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett (Nebraska, 1987), page 21:

They went on very well with their work until it was nigh done, when there came the second epistle to Noah's fresh, and away went their mill, shot, lock, and barrel.

 A stream or spring of fresh water.
 c. 1610-11, William Shakespeare, The Tempest, Act III, Scene ii[4]:

[…] And take his bottle from him. / When that's gone, / He shall drink naught but brine, for I'll not show him / Where the quick freshes are.

 The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.
 1705, Robert Beverley, Jr., History and Present State of Virginia:

When they cross any great Water, or violent Fresh, or Torrent, they throw Tobacco, Puccoon, Peak, or some other valuable thing, that they happen to have about there, to intreat the Spirit presiding there, to grant them a safe passage. It is call'd a Fresh, when after very great Rains, or (as we suppose) after a great Thaw of the Snow and Ice lying upon the Mountains Page 43 to the North West, the Water descends, in such abundance into the Rivers, that they overflow the Banks which bound their Streams at other times.


動詞

fresh (三人称単数 現在形 freshes, 現在分詞 freshing, 過去形および過去分詞形 freshed)
 (commercial fishing) To pack (fish) loosely on ice.
 1921, Commonwealth Shipping Committee, Report - Volume 12:

With the exception of about 1800 crans which were "rough packed," all the herrings landed during the winter months were freshed and kippered.


 1960, Nigel Nicolson, Lord of the Isles: Lord Leverhulme of the Hebrides, page 84:

Aided by government propaganda, herring became an important British war-time food, not pickled, but 'freshed' (packed loosely in ice) and kippered.


 1971, Eiichi Tanikawa, Marine Products in Japan: Size, Technology and Research, page 189:

Smoked abalone is prepared by smoking the salted and freshed abalone, the smoked meat is packed with vegetable oil.


 To flood or dilute an area of salt water with flowing fresh water.
 1974, Bilješke - Volumes 31-76, page 1:

Our first assumption was that freshed sea water areas were favourable for these organisms.


 1977, India. Parliament. House of the People, ‎India. Parliament. Lok Sabha, Lok Sabha Debates, page 226:

Under the present river conditions, headwater discharge of 40,000 cusecs will be necessary during the non-freshed season to neutralise the landward drift of sediments throughout the tidal portion of the river.


 1987, Terry Pratchett, Equal Rites, →ISBN, page 69:

But as the golden light flowed slowly across the Discworld like the first freshing of the tide over mudflats the eagle circled higher into the dome of heaven, beating the air down with slow and powerful wingbeats.


 1989, Tseng-chʻüan Li, ‎Fa-erh Chiang, ‎Shu Sun, Developments in geoscience, page 325:

The salinity is variated, and locally the lake water is freshed in a step manner.


 (of wind) To become stronger.
 1815, William Williams, The Journal of Llewellin Penrose, a Seaman:

Horrible was now my condition, as the wind freshed up more and more.


 1834, Frederick Marryat, The naval officer, page 259:

I should have observed, that as we rounded the north-east point, the breeze freshed, and the squalls came heavy out of the gullies and deep ravines.


 1850, William Reid, An Attempt to Develop the Law of Storms by Means of Facts:

On the afternoon of the 20th, at the period the storm was very severe to the south-west of her, the Barlow experienced calms and variable winds. By noon on the 21st, the wind freshed, with the weather cloudy.


 To rebore the barrel of a rifle or shotgun.
 1910, Hunter-trader-trapper - Volume 19, Issue 6, page 92:

When the barrel became very rough the gun was taken to the local gunsmith and "freshed."


 1974, George C. Nonte, Home guide to muzzle-loaders, →ISBN, page 132:

There is also the oft-heard plaint that "modern steel barrels can't be re-rifled or freshed out."


 To update.
 1822, Alexander Reid, Life of ---, a scotish govenanter, page 7:

Thus the liberties of the nation, civil and religious, were laid freshed by his preaching, and. more and more confirmed in the presbyterian principles: and we likewise resorted for a time at West Calder kirk, to Mr. Patrick Shiels, by whose preaching I was yet more confirmed in the presbyterian way.


 1885, Chinese Recorder - Volume 16, page 419:

We need not assume that the famous village was considered the capital of the country spoken of; it is sufficient to know that the priests who freshed up the old Ta-ts'in lore in China, were proud of having been themselves born in the Holy Land; and if we consider the precedent set in the very T'ang-shu, where the whole of India is designated by the name of Buddha's birth place, Magadha, we need not be astonished to see the name of what they must have considered the spiritual capital of the Christian world applied to the country they came from.


 2000, Robert Van Voorst, ‎Craig A. Evans, ‎Bruce Chilton, Jesus Outside the New Testament: An Introduction to the Ancient Evidence, →ISBN, page 122:

The strongest judgment against the Toledot Yeshu was made by Solomon Schechter in 1898, "All the so-called Anti-Christiana collected by medieval [Jewish] fanatics, and freshed up again by modern ignoramuses, belong to the later centuries, when history and biography had already given way to myth and speculation."


 To freshen up.
 1943, Maggie Jeanne Melody Wadelton, Maggie No Doubt, page 132:

I freshed meself and followed after him and made choice of me dinner.


 2009, Robert Jordan, The Great Hunt, →ISBN:

There was no need for them all to be there—most would be resting in their rooms, freshing from the journey—but she was on edge now, all the questions she could not ask running through her head.


 2012, Mz. K., First Lady: A Hood Tale, →ISBN, page 116:

We played and adored our boys, we watched a little television until about six, I got a shower and put my clothes back on I got the boys freshed up while Aj was in the shower and he got dressed.


 To renew.
 1884, United States Congressional Serial Set - Volume 2178, page 503:

Q. Did you tell anybody this tale that you heard this man threaten what they were going to do?—A. No, sir; I didn't say nothing to anybody until Monday—Monday or Tuesday, one—then my mind was freshed.


 1902, Walter De la Mare, ‎Dorothy Pulis Lathrop, Down-adown-derry: A Book of Fairy Poems, →ISBN:

In the nook of a wood where a pool freshed with dew Glassed, daybreak till evening, blue sky glimpsing through Then a star; or a slip of May-moon silver-white, Thridding softly aloof the quiet of night, Was a thicket of flowers.


 1918, The Indian Forest Records - Volume 6, Parts 1-6, page 316:

About a month later, the blaze is freshed by cutting off a thin shaving of bark all round the stem, over half the depth of the old blaze and taking in 2 inches of new bark on the upper edge of the original wound.


 (of a dairy cow) to give birth to a calf.
 1940, James Frank Kendrick, The cow tester's manual, page 23:

A cow was actually tested twice a month on the 5th and 25th of each month. The cow freshed December 15, her milk was good December 18, and she went dry October 30.


 1946, Co-op News - Volumes 20-21, page 3:

Fall Freshed Cows Produce More Milk.


 2009, Suzanne Woods Fisher, Amish Peace: Simple Wisdom for a Complicated World, →ISBN, page 56:

On the day of my visit, Mary greets me at my car with a delighted look on her face. “You're just in time!” she says eagerly. “A cow has just 'freshed'!”


参照

  ^ Tom Dalzell; Terry Victor, editors (2013) The New Partridge Dictionary of Slang and Unconventional English, 2nd ed.[1], Routledge, page 914
  ^ “Can I Get A Soul Clapp”, 1982, performed by Grand Wizard Theodore & The Fantastic 5: “Young ladies (かつ all you gentlemen!) / This is original rap from start (to the end!) / We're fresh out the pack / So you gotta stay back / We got one Puerto Rican / And the rest are black”

語源 2

1848, US slang, probably from German frech (“impudent, cheeky, insolent”), from Middle High German vrech (“bold, brave, lively”), from Old High German freh (“greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous”), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (“greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (“to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash”). Cognate with 古期英語 frec (“greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous”) and Danish fræk (“naughty”). More at freak.

形容詞

fresh (comparative fresher, superlative freshest)
 Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.

No one liked his fresh comments.


 Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.

Hey, don't get fresh with me!


同意語
 See also Thesaurus:cheeky
派生語
 fresher
 freshness
 get fresh
 

アナグラム

 Fehrs